Artículos

Relationships between personality characteristics and death awareness in a graduate student sample.

Ycaza, A.F., Hyman, S.M., & Behbahani, S.M. (2012). Relationships between personality characteristics and death awareness in a graduate student sample. Existential Analysis, 23(2): 278-287.

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Abstract

We examined relationships between personality characteristics and death awareness in a graduate student sample. 72 students completed a personality measure, ruminated about their death (n = 36) or dental pain (n = 36), and then completed a death-thought accessibility measure. Findings revealed a significant positive association between level of neuroticism and death awareness regardless of whether or not they were primed to think about death. Implications for theory and practice are discussed. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]

Libros y Capítulos de Libros

Behbahani, S.M. & Greenstone, R.M. (in press). Assessing Somatoform Disorders in the African American Client. In Benuto (Ed.), Guide to Psychological Assessment with African American Clients. New York: Spring Science, Inc.

Behbahani, S.M. & Gonzalez, E.A. (2011). Medications and Pharmacological Treatment of Neurobehavioral Sequelae. In Fraser (Ed.), Traumatic Brain Injury Guide. Oakland: New Harbinger Publications, Inc.


Artículos

The Illness Attitude Scales: Adaptation and translation into Spanish for use with older adults.

Bravo, I. M., & Arrufat, O. (2005). The Illness Attitude Scales: Adaptation and translation into Spanish for use with older adults. Journal of Applied Gerontology, 24, 355-371. DOI: 10.1177/0733464805278133

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Abstract

The Illness Attitude Scales (IAS) were simplified from a 5-point Likert-type scale to a yes-or-no format and translated into Spanish using Brislin’s method. Because of the linkage between hypochondriasis and depression, the new version was administered to immigrant, Hispanic, older adults suffering from major depressive disorder (MDD) (n= 21) and their controls (n = 21), and to non-Hispanic older adults with MDD (n = 32) and their controls (n = 32). Both versions of the IAS were equivalent and had adequate internal consistency. As hypothesized, Hispanic immigrants with MDD endorsed more hypochondriacal beliefs and were more concerned about the effect of their symptoms than controls. Non-Hispanics were more concerned about pain than controls. The two IAS simplified versions will be useful in the assessment of English- and Spanish-speaking older adults in both clinical and research settings. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]

The complex case of marital infidelity: An explanatory model of contributory processes to facilitate psychotherapy.

Bravo, I. M., & Lumpkin, P. (2010). The complex case of marital infidelity: An explanatory model of contributory processes to facilitate psychotherapy. The American Journal of Family Therapy, 38, 421 - 432. DOI:10.1080/01926187.2010.522491

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Abstract

Marital infidelity is one of the most difficult problems to treat in psychotherapy. Although this topic has received theoretical, empirical, and clinical attention, an explanatory model of infidelity's (EMI) contributors that considers universal, lifelong involuntary, and volitional processes, has not been examined. In this model, we recognize how early appearing phenomena, such as habituation/dishabituation, perception, quality of attachment, deficits in executive functions and empathy, and short-term mating strategies may contribute to this risk. We link the selected early processes to problems associated with marital infidelity, such as boredom, perception of opportunities, unmet emotional needs, impulsivity, deficits in empathic responding, and habitual casual sex. We examine relevant supporting evidence, and end by recommending that clinicians consider these universal, lifelong processes in the treatment of infidelity. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]

Libros y Capítulos de Libros

Bravo, I. M., & Roca, C. S. (2013). Assessing somatoform disorders in the Hispanic client (pp. 293-307). In L. T. Benuto (Ed.) Guide to psychological assessment with Hispanics. New York, NY: Springer Publishing Co.


Del Rio, M., & Bravo, I. M. (2008). The playful minds coping skills program: A treatment for pediatric oncology patients.

DePass, C. M., & Bravo, I.M. (2008). Vicarious trauma in correctional mental staff. In J.R. Rodríguez Gómez (Ed.) Antología de Investigaciones de los Programas Académicos de la Universidad Carlos Albizu. San Juan, P.R: Publicaciones Puertorriqueñas, Inc.


Artículos

TBA

Libros y Capítulos de Libros

Charleman, R. (2008). Déficit de Atención y Problemas de Aprendizaje. Manual con más de 100 estrategias y actividades. NAPE Editions. ISBN: 0-975364-9-5

Charleman, R. (2008). Problemas de Aprendizaje… Cuáles son los específicos? San Juan: NAPE Editions. ISBN: 978-1-59608-581-7

Charleman, R. (2009). Asperger… Más allá del Autismo. San Juan: NAPE Editions. ISBN: 978-1-59608-615-9

Charleman, R. (2009). Cuando el niño es especial y diferente. Salud Mental en los Niños. San Juan: NAPE Editions. ISBN: 0-9753364-0-1

Charleman, R. (2009). Por qué hay que evaluarlos? Entendiendo las evaluaciones psicológicas de los niños. San Juan:NAPE Editions. ISBN: 978-1-59608-615-9

Charleman, R. (2009). Superdotados. San Juan: NAPE Editions. ISBN: 978-1-59608-686-9

Charleman, R. (2010). Hablemos de Autismo. San Juan: NAPE Editions. ISBN: 978-1-59608-784-2

Charleman, R. (2010). Oposicional Desafiante… Por qué es tan desobediente y me reta? San Juan: NAPE Editions. ISBN: 978-1-59608-769-9

Charleman, R. (2010). YO PUEDO…porque quiero ser exitoso. Serie K-6th grade


Artículos

Gender dominated industries: breaking through the glass ceiling.

Barrios, Y., & DiDona, T.M. (2013). Gender dominated industries: breaking through the glass ceiling. Journal of Academic and Business Ethics.

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Abstract

Previous research suggests that gender compositions have different effects on men and women in the workplace. Social norms regarding gender roles have a potential to create bias evaluations of individuals who violate their particular accepted gender role. This bias can affect the individual in a way that causes them to experience work stressors that may affect their performance. This study explores the differences between the type of stressors nontraditional men and women may experience based on their gender, providing a glimpse of the bridging gap between male and female dominated industries. Men in nursing were compared with women in construction based on their responses to the Workplace Stressor Assessment Questionnaire (WSAQ) developed and validated by professionals from Critical Path Institute which measures categories of work stressors. A one-way between subjects ANOVA was conducted to compare the effect of gender on workplace stressors in different categories of stressors: Demands, Control, Support, Role, Relationships, and Rewards on the conditions of either male-dominated industry (construction) or female dominated industry (nursing). There was a significant effect of IV gender on DV workplace stressors at the p<.05 level for the “Demands” stressors [F (3,105) = 5.308, p = 0.002], Control Stressors [F (3,105) = 4.803, p = 0.004], Support Stressors [F (3,105) = 9.151, p = 0.000], and Role Stressors [F (3,105) = 3.426, p = 0.020]. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]

Layoff Perceptions: A Cross-Cultural Analysis.

Fabregas, P. & DiDona, T.M. (2013). Layoff Perceptions: A Cross-Cultural Analysis. May 23-26. Association for Psychological Science 25th Annual Convention. Washington, DC.

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Abstract

Layoffs are perceived to be devastating, traumatic and impactful in the workplace. However, there is a lack of research demonstrating any correlation between cultural perceptions on organizational layoffs. The purpose of this study is to explore the empirical relationship between the cultural perceptions of layoffs amongst individuals who have or have not previously experienced a layoff. The study was analyzed cross-culturally, between the countries of Ecuador, England, Puerto Rico and the United States. It was hypothesized that there would be a significant difference in layoff perceptions between individuals with previous layoff experience, compared to no layoff experience. It was also hypothesized that there would be a significant difference between the perceptions of layoff across all four countries observed. A convenience sample was conducted with an online survey, which was distributed through social networks. The study received responses from n=175 participants, 30% of which had previously experienced a layoff. A t-test was performed to assess whether the means of the two groups being observed were statistically different from each other. The results demonstrated no significant difference between the layoff perceptions of individuals who have experienced a lay off, compared to an individual who has not. The tstatistic exhibited a score of 1.417701, with a p= 0.15945, >0.05. To further validate the study, a t-test was conducted amongst each individual country observed. Each country demonstrated no significant difference on cultural layoff perceptions. Furthermore, it is evident that layoffs are perceived to be negative, regardless of past experiences with layoff or cultural background. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]

Preferred Leadership Style among Employees of Five Different Hispanic Culture.

Guiu, A. & DiDona, T.M. (2013). Preferred Leadership Style among Employees of Five Different Hispanic Culture. January 3-5. Academic and Business Research Institute International Conference. Orlando, FL.

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Abstract

Preferred leadership style among Hispanic employees was examined in a sample of 119 participants composed of 32 Cubans, 21 Mexicans, 23 Puerto Ricans, 22 Venezuelans, and 20 Colombians. Hispanic employees voluntarily completed the Ideal Leader Behavior Form, a specific version of the Leadership Behavior Description Questionnaire (LBDQ). The instrument measured which leadership style the Hispanic employee preferred; relationship-oriented leadership or task-oriented leadership. It was hypothesized that employees of Cuban and Puerto Rican descent would prefer a relationship-oriented leadership style while employees of Colombian, Mexican and Venezuelan descent would prefer a task-oriented leadership style. ANOVA yielded significant differences between Hispanic groups: Cubans scored highest in relationship-oriented leadership style while Colombians scored highest in task-oriented leadership style. These findings indicate that Hispanics are not a homogenous group in respect to leadership style preference. Given a lack of cross-cultural research regarding preferred leadership style, the results of this non-experimental study can be immediately applied by leaders of global organizations. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]

Climbing the Corporate Ladder to Moral Dissonance.

Llanes, L., Mims, A. & DiDona, T.M. (2013). Climbing the Corporate Ladder to Moral Dissonance. March 21-23. WEI International Academic Conference. Orlando, FL.

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Abstract

Factors involved in the decision making process in the corporate setting can often be attributed to variables that are based on moral principles. Deviations from these principles are commonly associated with individuals in higher levels of employment. This research is designed to test whether a correlation exists between moral indifference in deciphering business transactions and the level of employment. It is hypothesized that higher level employees would be more inclined to deemphasize ethical and moral factors within a business decision. The study utilized a questionnaire, which was administered to 101 participants. Levels of employment and incentives were classified as being deontological ethics, teleological ethics, religious, or morally dissonant. Data was then examined via the use of a two factor T-test with equal variance. The results indicate α= 0.05 P-values across teleological, religion and moral dissonance showed significant effects; p-values at 0.008 (teleological), 0.001(religion), 0.024(moral dissonance); The P-value of the deontological dimension was 0.59; showing no significance. These results suggest that moral dissonance can be a consequence of higher level employment positions; though it is suggested that further research be done considering study’s limitations. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]

An Investigation of Facebook and Interpersonal Skills.

Mims, A., Llanes, L., DiDona, T. (2013). An Investigation of Facebook and Interpersonal Skills. March 21-23. West East Institute Academic Conference, Orlando, FL

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Abstract

The introduction of social networks, such as Facebook, has created a new and technologically savvy way of communicating with a broad global audience. With the dominant users of this medium being of working age, online communication skills may not transfer to real-world situations, namely the workplace. Due to the globalization of various organizations, greater emphasis and demands are being placed on interpersonal competencies. Current research indicates that there is a relationship between the use of social networking sites (SNSs) and various personality and social factors. This article investigates the use of Facebook, and its effects on workplace interpersonal skills. When considering the large influence social networks have on younger generations, the lack of face-to-face interaction may result in the deficiencies of interpersonal skill. It is hypothesized that time spent on Facebook, negatively correlates to interpersonal competencies. It is also predicted that Facebook use is correlated to interpersonal skills across different age groups and genders. A questionnaire regarding Facebook use was distributed to Facebook members, in addition to a 15-item Liking People Scale, a valid and reliable measure of interpersonal skills. Findings significantly reinforce previous research indicating that Facebook use is correlated to age. Furthermore, there was a significant, positive correlational relationship between Facebook use and interpersonal orientation, across the different age groups. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]

Socialization of Recently Hired Hispanic Employees.

Pérez, M. & DiDona, T.M. (2013). Socialization of Recently Hired Hispanic Employees. March 21-23. WEI International Academic Conference. Orlando, FL.

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Abstract

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the correlative effects between socialization and turnover intent, organizational commitment, and perceived productivity in newly hired employees of Hispanic ethnicity in a variety of organizations. To qualify, participants needed to at least 18 years old and have been working at their current organization within the last 12 months. Snowball sampling methodology was used to reach out to potential participants. Through this method, potential participants were reached by sending emails to organizations and through Facebook, a social network. A survey, that was composed based of various existing assessments, was used to assess the variables being studied. A 5-point Likert type scale was used to assess the degree to which the participants agreed with the statements in the survey. The survey was provided to participants via the internet in order to make it easily accessible. A total of n=107 participants completed the survey throughout a five month period. A regression analysis was conducted to see if there was any relationship between the variables being studied. The results of the study demonstrated that there was no significant relationship between socialization and intention of voluntary turnover with a p=.73 and an F(14, 92) =.74, a significant relationship was observed between socialization and organizational loyalty with a p < .01 and an F(14,92)= 3.71, and a significant relationship between socialization and perceived productivity was observed with p < .01 and F(14,92)= 5.58. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]

Work Place Romance: A Cross-Cultural Investigation.

Taveras, R. & DiDona, T.M. (2013). Work Place Romance: A Cross-Cultural Investigation. May 23-26. Association for Psychological Science 25th Annual Convention. Washington, DC.

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Abstract

Work place romance is a mutually desired relationship that includes physical attraction between two members of the same organization. Working 40 hours per week with other workers who share a common interest may develop emotional connections that are often not appropriate in the work place. The purpose of this research was to identify how different cultures view dating within the work place. This correlational study involved 4 different countries: United States, The Bahamas, South Korea, and Dominican Republic. There was a convenient sample size of 30 participants from each nation. It was hypothesized that there would be a significant difference in the number of participants involved in a romantic relationship with a coworker across each country surveyed. It was also hypothesized that there would be a significant difference in the attitudes towards: dating, having sexual relations with coworkers, and fear of getting fired because of dating. Do cultural norms, beliefs, and organization policies affect an individual’s perspective on their attitudes towards dating coworkers? Previous literature was also used to acknowledge the pros and cons of allowing dating within the work environment and how it effects an organization. The results demonstrated that culture has no significant effect to an individual’s opinion towards dating a coworker, thus the null was retained. The average age for all 4 nations was 27 with a total of 62:58 male to female ratio. However, the conclusion made is that younger generations are becoming more alike, aside from its traditional collectivistic or individualistic nature. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTOR]

Libros y Capítulos de Libros


Artículos

Editorial: Continuity and Change in Child Development.

García Coll, C. (2015). Editorial: Continuity and Change in Child Development. Child Development, 86(1), 7-9.

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Understanding the U.S. Immigrant Paradox in Childhood and Adolescence

Marks, A. K., Ejesi, K., & García Coll, C. (2014). The U.S. immigrant paradox in childhood and adolescence. Child Development Perspectives, 8(2), 59-64.

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Abstract

The immigrant paradox in childhood and adolescence is a population-level phenomenon wherein U.S.-born youth (or more highly acculturated immigrants) have less optimal developmental outcomes than newcomer immigrant youth. These patterns, which hold true after accounting for the generally lower income and parent education levels among first-generation immigrant families, have existed for decades in the United States. In this article, we address this topic in child development research, offering insights into studies to explain why the paradox occurs from the standpoint of both risk and resilience. We also present ideas for research and implications for developing policies and methods for effective practice with immigrant families.[ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]

The Power of Context: State-Level Policies and Politics and the Educational Performance of the Children of Immigrants in the United States.

Filindra, A, Blanding, D. & Garcia Coll, C.T. (2011). The Power of Context: State-Level Policies and Politics and the Educational Performance of the Children of Immigrants in the United States. Harvard Educational Review, 81 (3), 407-437.

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Abstract

Children of immigrant backgrounds—children who are immigrants themselves or were born to immigrant parents—are the largest segment of growth in the U.S. school population. In this exploratory interdisciplinary analysis, Filindra, Blanding, and Garcia Coll ask whether the context of policy and political receptivity, even when they are not directed at school reform or at immigrants, nonetheless affects the high school completion of children of immigrant backgrounds. The novelty of this work is its theoretical integration of insights from multiple disciplines and its emphasis on the larger context in analyzing the educational outcomes for children of immigrants. The authors’ findings suggest that policy matters and that it matters in different ways. Specifically, they find a strong positive association between the immigrant inclusion in state welfare programs and high school graduation rates for the children of immigrants. At the same time, the study suggests that multiculturalism policies, targeting racial and ethnic minorities rather than immigrants specifically, may have the opposite effect. Finally, the authors suggest that politics also matters, as seen in the gap in graduation rates between the children of immigrants and the children of U.S.-born parents, which is narrower in Democrat-dominated states than it is in Republican-controlled states. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]

Cultural-Related, Contextual, and Asthma-Specific Risks Associated with Asthma Morbidity in Urban Children.

Koinis-Mitchell, D., McQuaid, E., Kopel, S., Esteban, C., Ortega, A., Seifer, R., Garcia Coll, C. T., Klein, R., Cespedes, E., Canino, G., & Fritz, G. (2009). Cultural-Related, Contextual, and Asthma-Specific Risks Associated with Asthma Morbidity in Urban Children.Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings,17(1), 38-48.

Abstract

The objective of this study was to examine associations between specific dimensions of the multidimensional cumulative risk index (CRI) and asthma morbidity in urban, school-aged children from African American, Latino and Non-Latino White backgrounds. An additional goal of the study was to identify the proportion of families that qualify for high-risk status on each dimension of the CRI by ethnic group. A total of 264 children with asthma, ages 7–15 (40% female; 76% ethnic minority) and their primary caregivers completed interview-based questionnaires assessing cultural, contextual, and asthma-specific risks that can impact asthma morbidity. Higher levels of asthma-related risks were associated with more functional morbidity for all groups of children, despite ethnic group background. Contextual and cultural risk dimensions contributed to more morbidity for African-American and Latino children. Analyses by Latino ethnic subgroup revealed that contextual and cultural risks are significantly related to more functional morbidity for Puerto Rican children compared to Dominican children. Findings suggest which type of risks may more meaningfully contribute to variations in asthma morbidity for children from specific ethnic groups. These results can inform culturally sensitive clinical interventions for urban children with asthma whose health outcomes lag far behind their non-Latino White counterparts. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]

Perceptions of Racism in Children and Youth (PraCY): Properties of self-report instrument for research on children’s health and development.

Patchter, L. M., Szalacha, L. A., Bernstein, B. A., & Garcia Coll, C.T., (2009). Perceptions of Racism in Children and Youth (PraCY): Properties of self-report instrument for research on children’s health and development. Ethnicity and Health. 1-14. DOI: 10.1080/13557850903383196

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Abstract

Experiences of racial discrimination have been demonstrated to be related to racial and ethnic disparities in mental and physical health and healthcare. There has been little study, however, of the relationship between racism and health in children, and few psychometrically valid and reliable instruments to measure Perceptions of Racism in Children and Youth (PRaCY) exist. This paper reports on the development and testing of such an instrument, the PRaCY. Development of the instrument began with open-ended qualitative interviews, from which a proto-questionnaire was created. The questionnaire gathered information on the prevalence, attribution, emotional responses, and coping responses to 23 situations identified by participants in the qualitative phase. The proto-questionnaire was administered to 277 children between the ages of 8 and 18 years (38% Latino/a, 31% African-American, 19% multiracial/multicultural, 7% West Indian/Caribbean, and 5% Other). Item analysis resulted in two developmentally appropriate 10-item instruments (one for ages 7-13, another for ages 14-18). Internal consistency reliability was strong (alpha = 0.78 for both versions of the instrument). Confirmatory factor analysis demonstrated good fit for both versions (younger-Comparative Fit Index (CFI): 0.967, Root Mean Square Error of Approximation (RMSEA): 0.047; older-CFI: 0.934, RMSEA: 0.056). Differential item functioning analyses demonstrated no group-specific biases in item response. PRaCY scores were appropriately associated with higher depressive symptom scores and elevated anxiety scores in the younger sample. Results indicate that the PRaCY is a valid and reliable instrument that measures perceptions of racism and discrimination in children and youth aged 8-18 from diverse racial/ethnic backgrounds. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]

Libros y Capítulos de Libros

Garcia Coll, C. T. & Marks, A. K. (Eds.). (2012). Is Becoming an American a Developmental risk? Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.

García Coll, C. T., & Marks, A. K. (2009) Immigrant Stories: Identity and Academic Pathways during Middle Childhood. New York: Oxford University Press.

Marks, A. K., Patton, F., & Garcia Coll, C.T. (2009) School Adjustment & Emerging Ethnic Identities among Children of Immigrants, In E. Grigorenko & R. Takanishi (Eds.) Immigration, Diversity and Education. New York, NY: Routledge.

Marks, A. K., Powell, K., & Garcia Coll, C.T. (2009). Ethnic Identity. In The Chicago Companion to the Child. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.


Artículos

Hypertension prevalence, awareness, treatment and control among older people in Latin America, India and China: a 10/66 cross-sectional population-based survey

Prince, M., Ebrahim, S., Acosta, D., Ferri, C., Guerra, M., Huang, Y., et al. (2012). Hypertension prevalence, awareness, treatment and control among older people in Latin America, India and China: a 10/66 cross-sectional population-based survey. Journal Of Hypertension. 30(1), 177-187. DOI:10.1097/HJH.0b013e32834d9eda

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Abstract


Objectives

To estimate the prevalence, social patterning, treatment and control of hypertension among older people in the 10/66 Dementia Research Group developing country sides.

Methods

Cross-sectional surveys of SBP, hypertension, and hypertension awareness, treatment and control among 17,014 people aged 65 years and over in eight urban and four rural sites in Latin America, India and China.

Results

Hypertension prevalence was higher in urban (range 52.6-79.8%) than rural sites (range 42.6-56.9%), and lower in men than women [pooled prevalence ratio 0.89, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.85-0.93]. Educational attainment was positively associated with hypertension in rural and least-developed sites. Age-standardized morbidity ratios, compared to USA (100), were higher in urban sites in Cuba (105), Dominican Republic (109), and Venezuela (107), similar in Puerto Rico (105), urban Mexico (99) and urban India (101), and lower in urban (75) and rural (61) Peru, rural Mexico (81), urban (91) and rural (84) China and rural India (65). In most Latin American centres, and urban China just over one-third of those with hypertension were controlled (BP&1t; 140/90). Control was poor in rural China (2%),urban India (12%) and rural India (9%). The proportion controlled, not compositional factors (age, sex, education and obesity), explained most of the between-site variation in SBP.

Conclusion

Uncontrolled hypertension is common among older people in developing countries, and may rise further during the demographic and health transitions. It is a major determinant of population SBP level. Strengthening primary care to improve hypertension management is necessary for primary prevention. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]


¡Co-morbid conditions among familial Alzheimer’s disease in Puerto Rico vs. Dominican Republic.

Jiménez, I., Gonzalez, M., Santana,V., Williamson,J., Medrano, M., Lee, J., et al. (2008). ¡Co-morbid conditions among familial Alzheimer’s disease in Puerto Rico vs. Dominican Republic. JAGS. 58(1), 177-187. DOI: 10.1016/J.JALZ.2008.052145

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Abstract

Multiple genetic and environmental factors influence the risk of Alzheimer disease. It is possible to understand the role of these factors by examining different populations and dissect the difference between the two to clarify the underlying relations. To study this further, we studied familial AD in populations in Puerto Rico (PR) and Dominican Republic (DR) in order to understand the difference in etiologic risk factors.

Methods

We assess the risk of AD associated with co-morbid conditions among family members in PR vs. DR. We used multiple logistic regression, controlling for age, sex, and APOE.

Results

We studied 160 affected and 216 unaffected family members from 75 PR families, and 836 affected and 533 unaffected family members from 355 DR families. . Of 75 families, 9 families in PR had 4+ affecteds. In DR, 82 families from 355 families had 4 or more affecteds. On average, age at onset for PR was lower than that for DR (67.88 vs. 73.95 years). We compared allele freq of APOE E4 in PR vs. DR, and found 21.6% vs. 28.4% had a copy of E4 among unaffected, respectively. We then studied distribution of co-morbid conditions in affected vs. unaffected. In Puerto Ricans, stroke was associated with increased risk of AD (OR=2.8; 0.9-8.1), but was not significant. In Dominicans, stroke was similarly associated with increased risk of AD (OR=2.2; 1.2-4.1). When we included APOE in the multiple logistics model, the odds ratios remained unchanged. On the other hand, neither diabetes nor hypertension was associated with increased risk in both populations.

Conclusions

In these two island populations, we found that stroke was associated with increased risk in both PR and the DR, but the magnitude of association differed. Although allele frequency of E4 differed somewhat between the two populations, this difference did not explain the difference in the two populations. Further studies are needed to understand the complex interplay of genetic and environmental risk factors. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]

Sosa, A. L., Albanese, E., Stephan, B.C.M., Dewey, M., Acosta, D., Ferri, C.P, et al. (2012). Prevalence, Distribution, and Impact of Mild Cognitive Impairment in Latin America, China, and India: A 10/66 Population-Based Study. Plos Medicine, 9(2)

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Abstract

Rapid demographic ageing is a growing public health issue in many low- and middle-income countries (LAMICs). Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) is a construct frequently used to define groups of people developing dementia, crucial for targeting preventative interventions. However, little is known about the prevalence or impact of MCI in LAMIC settings. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]

Libros y Capítulos de Libros

González, M., & Suárez, J. (2011). Manual de Politicas y Protocolos de prevención e intervención de acoso escolar. Manual created for school directors to help them in the creation of policies and protocols for the prevention, intervention and follow-up in bullying cases.

Suárez, J., & González, M. (2013). “Bullying”: Detección e Intervención. In J. Seda (Ed.), La Convención sobre los Derechos del Niño y su aplicación en el ámbito educativo (pp.69-75). Argentina: Homo Sapiens Ediciones.


Artículos


How Ineffective Family Environments Can Compound Maldevelopment of Critical Thinking Skills in Childhood Abuse Survivors

Kostolitz, A., Hyman, S., & Gold, S. (2014). How ineffective family environments can compound maldevelopment of critical thinking skills in childhood abuse survivors. Journal of Child Sexual Abuse. pp. 690-707.

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Abstract

The high stress of childhood abuse is associated with neurobiological detriments to executive function. Child abuse survivors may also be cognitively and relationally disadvantaged as a result of being raised in emotionally impoverished families that lack cohesion, organization, flexibility, self-expression, and moral and ethical values and fail to provide opportunities for effective learning. A review of literature demonstrates how dysfunctional family of origin environments common to child abuse survivors, concomitant with the extreme stress of overt acts of abuse, can act as a barrier to the development of higher-order critical thinking skills. The article concludes by discussing ramifications of critical thinking skill deficits in child abuse survivors and highlights the importance of integrating and prioritizing critical thinking skills training in treatment.


A Strenght-Based Excersice Training Model of Psychotherapy: Can Principles be Derived from Excersice and Sport Physiology Guide Behavioral Prescriptions for Physical and Mental Wellness?

Hyman, S.C., & Andres-Hyman, R.C. (2013). A Strenght-Based Excersice Training Model of Psychotherapy: Can Principles be Derived from Excersice and Sport Physiology Guide Behavioral Prescriptions for Physical and Mental Wellness? American Journal of Psychotherapy, 67(4), 367-367.

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Abstract

The field of exercise and sport physiology has advanced a number of universally accepted principles known to maximize the effectiveness of exercise and athletic training programs. We propose that these principles are in many ways applicable to the practice of psychotherapy, and we discuss how psychotherapists may benefit by incorporating these principles into their clinical practice. Through our discussion we 1) make a case for establishing a common language for strength-building interventions being applied in both psychotherapy and exercise and sport physiology, 2) introduce new concepts to the field of psychotherapy that may benefit from empirical inquiry, and 3) make recommendations based on successful principles from exercise and sport physiology. Integrating principles that bridge these two realms of healthcare and that guide interventions for both physical and mental wellness may offer a stronger theoretical perspective facilitating interdisciplinary science and practice. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]

Stress-related factors in cannabis use and misuse: Implications for prevention and treatment

Hyman, S.M., Hong, K., Dabre, Z., Comegys, D., Kimmerling, A., & Sinha, R. (2009). A stress-coping profile of opioid dependent individuals entering naltrexone treatment: A comparison with healthy controls. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, 23(4), 613-619. doi: 10.1037/a0017324

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Abstract

BACKGROUND

Stress is known to increase addiction vulnerability and risk of relapse to substance use.

PURPOSE & METHOD

We compared opioid dependent individuals entering naltrexone treatment (n = 57) with healthy controls (n = 75) on measures of stress, coping, and social support and examined the relative contribution of group membership, coping, and social support to stress within the sample. Analyses of variance (ANOVA) and covariance (ANCOVA), and stepwise multiple regression were conducted.

RESULTS

Compared with controls, opioid dependent subjects reported greater stress, less use of adaptive coping, but comparable use of maladaptive/avoidant coping. No group differences were found with respect to social support. Perceived stress was predicted by group membership, low social support, and greater use of maladaptive/avoidant coping, and the prediction by social support and maladaptive/avoidant coping did not differ by group.

CONCLUSION

Opioid dependent individuals entering naltrexone treatment experience higher levels of stress and report less use of adaptive coping strategies when compared with controls. Group membership, maladaptive/avoidant coping, and social support independently contribute to perceived stress. Findings suggest that novel treatment approaches that decrease maladaptive/avoidant coping and improve social support are important aspects of decreasing stress during early recovery from opioid addiction. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]

Stress-related factors in cannabis use and misuse: Implications for prevention and treatment

Hyman, S.M., & Sinha, R. (2009). Stress-related factors in cannabis use and misuse: Implications for prevention and treatment. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 36, 400-413. doi:10.1016/j.jsat.2008.08.005.

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Abstract

We examined the role of stress as a risk factor and motivation for cannabis use/misuse. A systematic review of studies gathered from PsychINFO and MEDLINE databases was conducted. Findings suggest that cannabis is commonly used as a stress-coping strategy. Negative life events, trauma, and maladaptive coping were all related to consumption. Cannabis use for stress-coping purposes was most evident when examining chronic as compared with experimental use. Although many individuals may be able to use cannabis without consequences, there appears to be a subset of individuals who experience greater life stress and who may be more likely to use for stress-coping purposes. These individuals may be at greatest risk for addiction. Chronic use may potentiate stress-related motivation to use/abuse cannabis and is associated with decision-making deficits and alterations in brain-stress pathways that may exacerbate compulsive drug seeking and sensitize individuals to stress-related drug use. Overall, stress-coping interventions and harm reduction focused on reducing the amount ingested may facilitate prevention and recovery efforts. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]

Ycaza, A.F., Hyman, S.M., & Behbahani, S.M. (2012). Relationships between personality characteristics and death awareness in a graduate student sample. Existential Analysis, 23(2): 278-287.

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Abstract

We examined relationships between personality characteristics and death awareness in a graduate student sample. 72 students completed a personality measure, ruminated about their death (n = 36) or dental pain (n = 36), and then completed a death-thought accessibility measure. Findings revealed a significant positive association between level of neuroticism and death awareness regardless of whether or not they were primed to think about death. Implications for theory and practice are discussed. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]

Libros y Capítulos de Libros


Artículos


Evaluation of a patient activation and empowerment intervention in mental health care.

Alegría, M., Polo, A., Gao, S., Santana, L., Rothstein, D., Jiménez, A., Lyons, M., Mendieta, F., Oddo, V., & Normand, SL. (2008). Evaluation of a patient activation and empowerment intervention in mental health care. Medical Care, 46 (3), 247-256.doi: 10.1097/MLR.0b013e318158af52.

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Abstract:


BACKGROUND: Evidence suggests that minority populations have lower levels of attendance and retention in mental health care than non-Latino whites. Patient activation and empowerment interventions may be effective in increasing minority patients' attendance and retention.
OBJECTIVES: This study developed and evaluated a patient self-reported activation and empowerment strategy in mental health care.
RESEARCH DESIGN: The Right Question Project-Mental Health (RQP-MH) trainings consisted of 3 individual sessions using a pre/post test comparison group design with patients from 2 community mental health clinics. The RQP-MH intervention taught participants to identify questions that would help them consider their role, process and reasons behind a decision; and empowerment strategies to better manage their care.
SUBJECTS: A Total of 231 participated, completing at least the pretest interview (n = 141 intervention site, 90 comparison site).
MEASURES: Four main outcomes were linked to the intervention: changes in self-reported patient activation; changes in self-reported patient empowerment; treatment attendance; and retention in treatment.
RESULTS: Findings show that intervention participants were over twice as likely to be retained in treatment and over 3 times more likely than comparison participants to have scheduled at least 1 visit during the 6-month follow-up period. Similarly, intervention participants demonstrated 29% more attendance to scheduled visits than comparison patients. There was no evidence of an effect on self-reported patient empowerment, only on self-reported patient activation.
CONCLUSIONS: Results demonstrate the intervention's potential to increase self-reported patient activation, retention, and attendance in mental health care for minority populations. By facilitating patient-provider communication, the RQP-MH intervention may help minorities effectively participate in mental health care.

Libros y Capítulos de Libros:


Jiménez, A., Alegría, M, Camino, R., & Lazaro, J. (2013). Cultural Sensitivity: What Should We Understand About Latinos?. Parekh, R., Rosenbaum, J. (Eds.), MGH Textbook on Cultural Sensitivity and Diversity in Mental Health, NY, Springer (in press)


Artículos

Lifestyle factors, body mass index, and lipid profile in adolescents.

Cugnetto, M.L., Saab, P.G., Llabre, M.M., Goldberg, R., McCalla, J.R., & Schneiderman, N. (2008). Lifestyle factors, body mass index, and lipid profile in adolescents. Journal of Pediatric Psychology, 33, 761-771.

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Abstract:

OBJECTIVE AND METHODS: A model specifying body mass index (BMI) as mediating the relationship between lifestyle factors (aerobic fitness determined by peak oxygen consumption; physical activity by 7-day physical activity recall; diet by 24 hr dietary recall), and lipid profile were tested in a sample of 205 adolescents (73% boys), who were on average at risk of overweight, aerobically unfit, and from ethnic minority groups. RESULTS:In this well-fitting model, consuming a diet low in fat and cholesterol, and being aerobically fit predicted lower BMI, which together resulted in increases in high-density lipoprotein cholesterol and decreases in triglycerides and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol. Being physically active, predicted greater aerobic fitness. CONCLUSIONS: In addition to furthering understanding of the interrelationships among predisposing, major, and conditional coronary heart disease risk factors in adolescents, these data suggest that improving diet and aerobic fitness will reduce BMI and result in a better lipid profile. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]

Weight management for veterans: Examining change in weight before and after MOVE!

Dahn, J.R., Fitzpatrick, S.L., Llabre, M.M., Bujaker, G.S., Helms, R.L., Cugnetto, M.L., Klaus, J., Florez, H., & Lawler, T. (2010). Weight management for veterans: Examining change in weight before and after MOVE! Obesity. doi:10.1038/oby.2010.273

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Abstract:

In the year 2000, 31% of women and 40% of men receiving outpatient care at Veteran Affairs (VA) medical facilities were overweight (BMI ≥25 and <30 kg/m2); 37.4% of women and 32.9% of men were obese (BMI ≥30 kg/m2). The purpose of the present study was to assess treatment effects of MOVE! Weight Management Program for Veterans by comparing the trajectory of change in weight postintervention (3, 6, and 12 months postenrollment) to a preintervention period (1, 3, and 5 years before enrollment). The sample consisted of 862 veterans participating in MOVE! at the Miami VA. All veterans participated in a 2-h Self-Management Support (SMS) session, which involved completion of a self-assessment questionnaire and a nutrition education group session. After completing SMS, veterans had the option of continuing with Supportive Group Sessions (SGS), which included 10-weekly group sessions led by a multidisciplinary team. Veterans served as their own controls in the analyses. Veterans gained 2 kg/year before enrolling in MOVE!. There were similar increases in weight across sex, racial/ethnic groups, and treatment condition. Weight for participants in SMS stabilized after enrollment whereas participants in SGS had an average weight loss of 1.6 kg/year. The preintervention slope for weight was significantly different from the postintervention slope, suggesting treatment effect. Findings from this study support the need for a lifestyle modification program such as MOVE! in primary care settings to assist overweight and obese patients in managing their weight. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]

Libros y Capítulos de Libros


Artículos

Testing the efficacy of an hiv stigma reduction intervention with medical students in puerto rico: the spaces project.

Varas-Díaz, N., Neilands, T. B., Cintrón-Bou, F., Marzán-Rodríguez, M., Santos-Figueroa, A., Santiago-Negrón, S., Marques, D., & Rodríguez-Madera, S. (2013). Testing the efficacy of an hiv stigma reduction intervention with medical students in puerto rico: the spaces project. Journal of the International AIDS Society, 16(Suppl. 2), 18670. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.7448/IAS.16.3.18670

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Abstract:

Introduction:Stigma associated with HIV has been documented as a barrier for accessing quality health-related services. When the stigma manifests in the healthcare setting, people living with HIV receive substandard services or even be denied care altogether. Although the consequences of HIV stigma have been documented extensively, efforts to reduce these negative attitudes have been scarce. Interventions to reduce HIV stigma should be implemented as part of the formal training of future healthcare professionals. The interventions that have been tested with healthcare professionals and published have several limitations that must be surpassed (i.e., lack of comparison groups in research designs and longitudinal follow-up data). Furthermore, Latino healthcare professionals have been absent from these intervention efforts even though the epidemic has affected this population disproportionately. Methods: In this article, we describe an intervention developed to reduce HIV stigma among medical students in Puerto Rico. A total of 507 medical students were randomly introduced into our intervention and control conditions. Results: The results show statistically significant differences between the intervention and control groups; intervention group participants had lower HIV stigma levels than control participants after the intervention. In addition, differences in HIV stigma levels between the groups were sustained for a 12-month period. Conclusions: The results of our study demonstrate the efficacy of the modes of intervention developed by us and serve as a new training tool for future healthcare professionals with regard to stigma reduction. Methods: In this article, we describe an intervention developed to reduce HIV stigma among medical students in Puerto Rico. A total of 507 medical students were randomly introduced into our intervention and control conditions. Results: The results show statistically significant differences between the intervention and control groups; intervention group participants had lower HIV stigma levels than control participants after the intervention. In addition, differences in HIV stigma levels between the groups were sustained for a 12-month period. Conclusions: The results of our study demonstrate the efficacy of the modes of intervention developed by us and serve as a new training tool for future healthcare professionals with regard to stigma reduction.[ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]

Religion and HIV/AIDS Stigma in Puerto Rico: A Cultural Challenge for Training Future Physicians.

Varas-Díaz, N., Neilands, T., Cintrón-Bou, F., Santos-Figueroa, A., Marzán-Rodríguez, M., & Marques, D. (2013). Religion and HIV/AIDS Stigma in Puerto Rico: A Cultural Challenge for Training Future Physicians. Journal Of The International Association Of Providers Of AIDS Care. doi: 10.1177/2325957412472935

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Abstract:

HIV/AIDS stigma continues to be a challenge for HIV prevention and treatment. When health professionals manifest stigma it can limit access to quality treatment. With an ever-growing epidemic among Latinos, including Puerto Ricans living on the Caribbean Island, the social and structural factors that foster HIV/AIDS stigma need to be understood. In this study, we documented the association of religion with HIV/AIDS stigma in a sample of medical students in Puerto Rico. Findings suggest that importance placed on religion, and participation in religious activities, is associated with HIV/AIDS stigma for this population. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]


Artículos

Lo que todo profesional de la salud debe saber sobre las convulsiones psicógenas no-epilépticas (CPNE)

Martínez-Taboas, A., Jiménez-Colón, G., Colón Laboy, M., González-Jiménez, C., Torres-Narváez, M., & Valdez-Pimentel, Y. (2014)Lo que todo profesional de la salud debe saber sobre las convulsiones psicógenas no-epilépticas (CPNE). Salud & Sociedad, 5(2),140-154.

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Abstract:

Las convulsiones psicógenas no-epilépticas (CPNE) son parecidas a las convulsiones de tipo epiléptico, lo que suele traer mucha confusión al momento de ofrecer un diagnóstico diferencial. La diferencia medular radica en que las CPNE no son producidas por anomalías electrocorticales, y sí por factores psico-emocionales. En el presente artículo, presentamos una revisión actualizada del tema, con énfasis en aspectos fenomenológicos, de diagnóstico y de curso clínico. Para ilustrar la complejidad de las CPNE, presentamos varias viñetas clínicas que se basan en la experiencia del primer autor con más de 100 pacientes con CPNE. De nuestra revisión se desprende que las CPNE se relacionan a un menoscabo y a un deterioro marcado generalizado psicosocial. Esta situación se agrava cuando típicamente pasan años antes de ofrecerse el diagnóstico correcto. Asimismo, estudios retrospectivos y prospectivos documentan el punto de que típicamente más del 50% de estos pacientes presentan un historial previo de abuso físico, emocional y sexual. Al respecto, se presenta un modelo multicausal/multifactorial para dar cuenta de las variables que predisponen, precipitan y perpetúan la aparición de las CPNE. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]

Psychometric properties of the Cambridge Depersonalization Scale in Puerto Rico.

Aponte, M., Vélez-Pastrana, M., & Martínez-Taboas, A. (manuscript under revision - 2013). Psychometric properties of the Cambridge Depersonalization Scale in Puerto Rico. Journal of Trauma and Dissociation.

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Abstract:

Depersonalization experiences have been studied in the United States and Europe, but there is a dearth of inr -vestigations with Latino populations. In the current study we examined the psychometric properties of the Spanish version of the Cambridge Depersonalization Scale in 300 adult individuals from the community and compared the results with those reported previously with non-Latino clinical populations. Discrepant findings have been reported with respect to the factor structure of the CDS. We performed exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis on the CDS items and compare our results with published analysis in other populations. Results revealed that the psychometric properties of the CDS, such as reliability, seem adequate, although the factor structure of the CDS seems to be inconsistent across studies. We selected a four-factor solution, which was most parsimonious and best fit our data. Furthermore, we obtained a moderate, statistically significant relationship (r = 0.64, p =.001) between the CDS and the Dissociative Experiences Scale (DES). Our results, utilizing a non-clinical sample of Puerto Rican adults, suggest that depersonalization experiences can be reliably measured in a Latino and Spanish speaking population. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]

Effectiveness of a cognitive behavioral intervention for Puerto Rican children.

Cabiya, J., Padilla, L., González-Cruz, K., Sánchez-Cestero, J., Martínez-Taboas, A., & Sayers, S. (2008). Effectiveness of a cognitive behavioral intervention for Puerto Rican children. Revista Interamericana de Psicología, 42 (2), 195-202.

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Abstract:

This study evaluated the effectiveness of a cognitive-behavioral intervention for children with disruptive disorders and depressed mood. Four hundred thirty four boys and 174 girls, ages 8 to 13, attending public schools, were initially evaluated to determine the diagnosis of a disruptive disorder. Of those diagnosed with disruptive disorders, 278 were assigned to the two experimental groups. The Child Depression Inventory was administered to the children and the Bauermeister School Behavior Inventory was administered to the teachers at three different stages. At post-treatment, significant reductions were found in the treatment group vs. the control group in depressed mood and disruptive behaviors. Children in the treatment group showed further reductions at the follow-up in both areas. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]

Validación del Inventario de Fobia Social en una Muestra de Personas con Trastorno de Ansiedad Social en Puerto Rico.

Caez, K., Sayers-Montalvo, S., & Martínez-Taboas, A. (2013). Validación del Inventario de Fobia Social en una Muestra de Personas con Trastorno de Ansiedad Social en Puerto Rico. [Validation of the Inventory for Social Phobia in a sample of persons with Social Anxiety Disorder]. Revista Puertorriqueña de Psicología, 24, (2), 1-11.

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Abstract:

El trastorno de ansiedad social es uno que puede identificarse en innumerables paises a través del mundo y uno que se relaciona íntimamente a un funcionamiento psicosocial muy empobrecido. El objetivo de este artículo es presentar las propiedades psicométricas del Inventario de Fobia Social (IFS) en una muestra de participantes con el trastorno de ansiedad social y comparar los resultados con un grupo control de participantes universitarios. Los resultados revelaron que el IFS posee una excelente confiabilidad interna de .95. El análisis de factores indicó que el IFS posee dos factores principales. Uno se relaciona a miedo/evitación y el segundo factor a malestar fisiológico. Al realizar un análisis de varianza (ANOVA) para determinar si se diferenciaban las puntuaciones del grupo de participantes con ansiedad social y el grupo control, encontramos diferencias significativas en dichas puntuaciones. Por último, calculamos los tamaños de los efectos utilizando la fórmula de d de Cohen, y encontramos tamaños de los efectos robustos, lo que apunta a que las magnitudes de las diferencias entre ambos grupos eran grandes. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]

Translation, Adaptation and Validation of the Stanford Hypnotic Clinical Scale in Puerto Rico.

Deynez-Exclusa, Y., Sayers-Montalvo, S. K. & Martínez-Taboas, A. (2011). Translation, Adaptation and Validation of the Stanford Hypnotic Clinical Scale in Puerto Rico. Intl. Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis, 59(2), 266-275.doi: 10.1080/00207144.2011.546272

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Abstract:

The only hypnotizability scale that has been translated and validated for the Puerto Rican population is the Barber Suggestibility Scale (BSS). In this article, the Stanford Hypnotic Clinical Scale (SHCS) was translated and validated for this population. The translated SHCS (“Escala Stanford de Hipnosis Clínica” [ESHC]) was administered individually to 100 Puerto Rican college students. There were no significant differences found between the norms of the original SHCS samples and the Spanish version of the SHCS. Both samples showed similar distributions. The Spanish version’s internal reliability as well as the item discrimination index were adequate. The authors conclude that the ESHC is an adequate instrument to measure hypnotizability in the Puerto Rican population. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]

Dissociation in Sexually Abused Puerto Rican Children: A Replication Utilizing Social Workers as Informers.

Manzano-Mojica, J., Martínez-Taboas, A., Sayers-Montalvo, S.K., Cabiya, J.J. & Alicea-Rodríguez, L.E. (2012). Dissociation in Sexually Abused Puerto Rican Children: A Replication Utilizing Social Workers as Informers. Journal of Trauma & Dissociation, 13, 330-344 doi: 10.1080/15299732.2011.641205.

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Abstract:

This study explores dissociative symptoms in 3 different groups of Puerto Rican children. Data were collected on 40 children with documented sexual abuse history, 39 children with psychiatric disorders but without a history of sexual abuse, and 40 community control children. Dissociative symptoms were assessed with the child using the Trauma Symptom Checklist for Children (TSCC); a social worker answered the Child Dissociative Checklist (CDC). Results indicated that children with sexual abuse obtained significantly different scores on both the TSCC and the CDC. Further analysis indicated that child and social worker reports of dissociative symptoms were highly correlated (r = .73). Furthermore, 30% of the children in the sexual abuse group scored at or above the cutoff point of 12 on the CDC, which is indicative of a dissociative disorder. None of the children in the other 2 groups obtained such a score. The results suggest that children with documented sexual abuse victimization demonstrate a significant number of dissociative phenomena that not only are subjectively experienced but also can be observed by a non–family member. Finally, as nearly a third of the abused children obtained a score of 12 or higher on the CDC, the next step is to prepare clinicians to conduct a proper and formal diagnosis assessment of dissociative disorders. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]

Epilepsia y salud mental. [Epilepsy and mental health]

Martínez-Taboas, A. (2012). Epilepsia y salud mental. [Epilepsy and mental health]. Galenus, 33 (5), 37.

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Abstract:

Uno de los hallazgos más consistentes en el área del estudio de la epilepsia es que un grupo importante (entre el 20% y el 30%) de niños, adolescentes y adultos padece de diversos trastornos psiquiátricos, muy en particular depresiones, ansiedades y somatización. Esto ha sido confirmado en estudios epidemiológicos en varias naciones del mundo. El reto consiste en identificar los factores de riesgo que inciden en estas tasas altas de angustia. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]

Perfil psicosocial de una muestra de pacientes puertorriqueños con epilepsia utilizando el Inventario Psicosocial Washington de Ataques Epilépticos.

Martínez-Taboas, A., Torres-Sotero, A. & Cruz-Pérez, J.P. (2013). Perfil psicosocial de una muestra de pacientes puertorriqueños con epilepsia utilizando el Inventario Psicosocial Washington de Ataques Epilépticos. Revista Puertorriqueña de Psicología, 24(2), 1-11.

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Abstract:

In the current study, we investigated various psychosocial variables as reported by 58 patients with epilepsy residing in Puerto Rico. We utilized the Washington Psychosocial Seizure Inventory. Consistent with research reported in other countries, we found that the areas that were deeply affected were their interpersonal relationships, emotional life, and deficient coping with their seizures. Many patients identified serious economic difficulties. Consistent also with other investigations, we found that the medical area is identified as less troublesome by our patients. Our findings highlight the fact that patients with epilepsy encounter their main challenge and difficulties in their interpersonal and emotional sphere, possibly as a result of the social exclusion and stigma that those patients typically receive. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]

Lo que todo practicante de la psicología debe saber sobre las personas ateas y el ateísmo.

Martínez-Taboas, A., Varas-Díaz, N., López-Garay, D. & Hernández-Pereira, L. (2011). Lo que todo practicante de la psicología debe saber sobre las personas ateas y el ateísmo. Revista Interamericana de Psicología, 45(2), 203-210.

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Abstract:

In this article the authors review what is currently known about the socio-demographic profiles of atheists, and examine assumptions that have circulated in the psychological literature. The authors document that historically speaking, atheists have been characterized as neurotic and unstable. Nevertheless, evidence published in the last decade does not support such characterizations. On the contrary, not only do atheists do not present such psychopathology, they show more cognitive flexibility when addressing other minority groups. The authors also demonstrate that at a macro-social level, societies that are more secular lead the world with regards to societal health. The authors propose that psychologists must understand the idiosyncrasies of atheists and distance themselves from the long trajectory of discrimination and prejudice that until now have characterized the approach of our discipline toward this minority population. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]

Childhood Sexual Abuse, Eating disorders and Dissociation: A Study in Puerto Rico.

Mercado, R., Martínez, A., & Pedrosa, O., (2008). Childhood Sexual Abuse, Eating disorders and Dissociation: A Study in Puerto Rico. Journal of Psychological Trauma, 7 (4), 298-309. doi: 10.1080/19322880.

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Abstract:

Previous investigations have documented strong associations between eating disorders, dissociation, and childhood sexual abuse (CSA). In this study we examined such a relationship with female Hispanic psychiatric inpatients. Twenty-eight patients with a history of CSA and 28 patients without CSA completed various instruments, among them a survey of eating styles, the Dissociative Experiences Scale, a brief scale of abusive experiences, and a clinical diagnostic interview. One main finding was that patients with CSA reported a significantly greater amount of behavioral, cognitive, and biological symptoms of dysfunctional eating styles. In addition, dissociation was significantly correlated with the severity of CSA and with dysfunctional eating styles. Our findings consistently corroborates that female patients with a history of CSA tend to experience a wide plethora of dysfunctional eating behaviors. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]

Validación de la Escala de auto-detección del trastorno por déficit de atención hiperactividad-adulto (EATDAH-A) en población adulta de Puerto Rico con trastorno de déficit de atención con hiperactividad. [Validation of the EATDAH-A in a simple of Puerto Rican individuals with ADHD].

Morales-Jiménez, E., Martínez-Taboas, A., & Sayers-Montalvo, S. (2011).Validación de la Escala de auto-detección del trastorno por déficit de atención hiperactividad-adulto (EATDAH-A) en población adulta de Puerto Rico con trastorno de déficit de atención con hiperactividad. [Validation of the EATDAH-A in a simple of Puerto Rican individuals with ADHD]. Revista Salud & Sociedad, 2, 9-20.

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Abstract:

In Puerto Rico there are very few instruments available to assess adults with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) whose psychometric properties have been well documented. In the present study we present the psychometric properties of the Spanish version of the Adult ADHD Self Report Scale (EATDAH-A). Three groups of participants completed the EATDAH-A: Group I was composed of 45 persons with an ADHD diagnosis; Group II was composed of 49 persons with a diagnosis of Major Depression; Group III included 50 persons with no known diagnosis. Various statistical tests and comparisons were made, among them the Cronbach’s alpha, biserial discrimination, factor analysis, and the determination if there were significant differences among the three groups of participants in the AETDAH-A. Results indicated that the EATDAH-A has a Cronbach’s alpha of .85. Also, nearly all the items of the EATDAH-A discriminated between the ADHD group and the other two groups. In addition, we found that utilizing the cut-off points of the original EATDAH-A, 82% of the participants with ADHD were positively identified as having ADHD, while the other two groups of participants obtained low scores on the EATDAH-A, being classified as ADHD in only 6% and 0% of the cases. It is concluded that the EATDAH-A is an adequate short instrument to screen for a possible ADHD diagnosis in adults. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]

Efectividad de las Psicoterapias para el Trastorno de Personalidad Límite y su Sintomatología Asociada.

Pérez-Nieves, M., Suárez-Kindy, J.L., Pedrosa-Roche, O., Martínez-Taboas, A. (2014). Efectividad de las Psicoterapias para el Trastorno de Personalidad Límite y su Sintomatología Asociada. Scientific International Journal 11(1), 106-113.

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Abstract:

Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is the most researched personality diagnosis, and the one with the most concerns to clinicians. This disorder is characterized by multiple clinical criteria and the severity of the symptoms. Years ago it was thought that the prognosis for the disorder was very low, and that there was no no effective therapy to work with this disorder, as well as, a variety of therapies that have proven to be effective. These therapies include Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT), Transference-Focused Psychotherapy (TFP), Mentalization-Based Therapy (MBT), ad Schema Focus Therapy (SFT). This study focused on studying the different therapies with their approaches and exploring areas in which each therapy would be effective. The hypothesis established that Dialectical Behavior Therapy would be more effective for denoting changes in measurable symptoms on the SCL-90; the Transference Focused Therapy for social functioning measures and courage; and Mentalization-Based Therapy would be more effective in terms of time of hospitalization. This study found that although each of the therapies were effective in the areas specified in the hypothesis, when evaluated the same areas of the disorder and compared them to a traditional therapy, these were both effective in the reduction on symptoms. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]

Factores asociados a la sintomatología depresiva en adultos/as con diabetes y el impacto en su autoeficacia y en el cuidado de la salud. [Associarted factors to the symptomatology of depression in adults with diabetes and its impact in the auto-efficacy and health care]

Pérez-Pedrogo, C., & Martínez-Taboas, A. (2011). Factores asociados a la sintomatología depresiva en adultos/as con diabetes y el impacto en su autoeficacia y en el cuidado de la salud. [Associarted factors to the symptomatology of depression in adults with diabetes and its impact in the auto-efficacy and health care]. Revista Salud & Sociedad, 2, 22-40.

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Abstract:

The main objective of the study was to create a model to explain the depressive symptomatology in diabetic patients, their self-efficacy and self-care practices to manage the condition. It examines how diabetes and its socio demographic variables may be associated with depression. It also evaluates if these variables influences self-efficacy and self care practices of the patients. Participants consisted of 267 diabetic patients of which 68 met the criteria for depressive symptoms and 199 participants did not meet the criteria. Self-reporting instruments were used to measure variables. The results suggested that participants that are not married and whose diabetic symptoms were more severe have a higher probability of presenting a higher quantity of depressive symptoms. On the other hand, patients in the higher age group and whose diabetic symptoms were more severe showed better self care practices. In terms of self-efficacy, patients whose diabetic symptoms were more severe and whose functional impairments were greater showed a higher probability of presenting low self-efficacy in terms of dealing with their condition. Results have significant implications in terms of prevention, identification, and treatment of depression in Puerto Rican adults with diabetes. We will discuss the implications, limitations of our results, and recommendations. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]

Contribución del manejo religioso a la calidad de vida y sintomatología depresiva en una muestra de hispanos que tienen un diagnóstico de cáncer. [Contribution of the religious coping in persons with cancer].

Rodríguez-Carrión, D., Sayers-Montalvo, & Martínez-Taboas, A. (2011). Contribución del manejo religioso a la calidad de vida y sintomatología depresiva en una muestra de hispanos que tienen un diagnóstico de cáncer. [Contribution of the religious coping in persons with cancer]. Revista Puertorriqueña de Psicología, 22, 27-45.

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Abstract:

The present study evaluates the contribution of religious management in the quality of life and depression symptoms on a sample of Puerto Rican patients (n = 70) that possess the diagnosis of cancer. The instruments utilized in this study were the Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness therapy-spirituality (FACIT-SP), Beck’s Depression Inventory (BDI-II) and BRIEF RCOPE. Statistical analysis were carried out, such as, descriptive statistics for the socio-demographic, analysis of correlation (Pearson r) and multiple regression. Correlational analyses demonstrated a significant and inverse relationship between the BDI-II, FACIT-SP, physical state and health, social and family environment and the spirituality. Regression analyses showed that variables such as spirituality and religious management were significant predictors of depression symptoms. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]

Características psico-sociales de una muestra inicial de centenarios puertorriqueños.

Rodriguez, J. R., Martínez-Taboas, A., & Cruz, A. (2009). Características psico-sociales de una muestra inicial de centenarios puertorriqueños. Boletín Asociación Médica de PR, 101(2), 5-11.

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Abstract:

This is the first research done in Puerto Rico presenting a basic socio-demographic profile of a sample of Puerto Rican centenary elderly that also includes psychological characteristics. The sample consist of eleven subjects, divided in five women and six men (mean age sample =102.4 years) evaluated with a battery of psychological instrument that include the Symptom Checklist 90-R (SCL-90-R); the Beck Depressive Inventory (BDI-II); the Beck Suicide Scale (BSS); the Beck Hopelessness Scale (BHS); the Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI) and the Folstein Mini-Mental. Main findings demonstrate that, with the exception of anxiety and hopelessness symptomatology, this particular sample is with a good psychological health. It is recommended to continue this type of research with a bigger sample and include other psychological and psychiatric screening instruments. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]

Adaptación y Valoración del Inventario de Conducta Sexual en la Niñez-3, en Español, en una Muestra Normativa de Niños/as Puertorriqueños/as entre las Edades de 2 a 12 Años.

Talavera, J., Martínez-Taboas, A., & Sayers-Montalvo, S. (2012). Adaptación y Valoración del Inventario de Conducta Sexual en la Niñez-3, en Español, en una Muestra Normativa de Niños/as Puertorriqueños/as entre las Edades de 2 a 12 Años. Revista Puertorriqueña de Psicología, 23, 77-93.

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Abstract:

The purpose of this study was to adapt and validate the Inventario de Conducta Sexual en la Niñez-3(ICSN-3) in a normative sample of 317 Puerto Rican children between 2 to 12 years of age. The sample was selected randomly by conglomerate in which we chose 4 schools and 10 day-care centers of the metropolitan and north area of Puerto Rico. The alpha coefficients are .75 for ages 2 to 5 years, .80 for ages 6 to 9 years, and .74 for ages 10 to 12 years. The study found significant differences between gender and the total score percentage of ICSN-3, F (1,315) = 5.2, p = .024. Females obtained higher score in comparison with males. Significant differences were found between group of ages and the total score percentage of ICSN-3, F (2,314) = 14.94, p = .0001. The 2 to 5 years old group obtained higher scores than the 6 to 9, and 10 to 12 years old groups. The findings in this study suggest that in a normal community sample, Puerto Rican children present a wide range of sexual behaviors. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]

Eventos traumáticos en estudiantes de medicina y psicología clínica en Puerto Rico.

Torres-Valentín, M.L., Martínez-Taboas, A., Sayers-Montalvo, S., & Padilla, L. (2013). Eventos traumáticos en estudiantes de medicina y psicología clínica en Puerto Rico. Revista Interamericana de Psicología, 47(1), 101-110.

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Abstract:

Exposure to trauma is a poorly researched topic in Puerto Rico. Three hundred seventy students enrolled in doctoral programs in clinical psychology and medicine in private institutions of higher education in Puerto Rico completed the Traumatic Life Events Questionnaire (TLEQ), Spanish version. The sample reported a high level of trauma exposure (98.9%). Men reported a higher level of exposure than women, although the level was high within both groups. There is no association between the sociodemographic variables and exposure to trauma, except marital status. The most reported events are natural disasters, sudden death and threat to life or physical integrity of loved ones. Exposure to trauma is a common occurrence in the studied sample. There is a constant need for continued empirical research about this topic to evaluate the magnitude of this problem and provide a solid empirical background for psychological services. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]

Libros y Capítulos de Libros

Martínez-Taboas, A. (2012). Practicas Psicológicas Basadas en la Evidencia: Una Perspectiva Desde la Psicología Clínica. [Evidence based psychological practice: A perspective from clinical psychology]. En A. Martínez-Taboas & N. Quintero (Eds.), Prácticas psicológicas basadas en la evidencia: Una perspectiva hispana (pp. 35-60). Hato Rey, PR: Publicaciones Puertorriqueñas.

Martínez-Taboas, A., & Quintero, N. (2012). Introducción: Practicas psicológicas basadas en la evidencia: De la teoría a la práctica. [Evidence Based Practices: From theory to practice]. En A. Martínez-Taboas & N. Quintero (Eds.), Prácticas psicológicas basadas en la evidencia: Una perspectiva hispana (pp. 1-7). Hato Rey, PR: Publicaciones Puertorriqueñas.

Martínez-Taboas, A., & Padilla, V. (2011). La salud mental de personas gays, lesbianas y bisexuales: ¿Qué sabemos? The mental health of gay, lesbian and bisexual people: What do we know? En J. Toro-Alfonso & A. Martínez-Taboas (Eds.), Lesbianas, gays, bisexuales y transgéneros: Apuntes sobre su salud desde la psicología (pp. 13-42). Hato Rey, PR: Publicaciones Puertorriqueñas.

Martínez-Taboas, A., Lewis-Fernández, R., & Sar, V., & Agarwal, W. L. (2010). Cultural aspects of nonepileptic seizures. Gates & Rowan Non-Epileptic Seizures (Third Edition) (pp.121-130). New York: Cambridge University Press.

Talavera, J., Martínez-Taboas, A., & Alcalá, A. (2012). Práctica Basada en la Evidencia para el Trastorno por Estrés Postraumático (TEPT) en Adultos.[Evidence based psychotherapy for posttraumatic stressdisorder]. En A. Martínez-Taboas & N. Quintero (Eds.), Prácticas psicológicas basadas en la evidencia: Una perspectiva hispana (pp. 127-158). Hato Rey, PR: Publicaciones Puertorriqueñas.

Toro-Alfonso, J., & Martínez-Taboas, A. (2011). Apuntes sobre la salud mental y física de los homosexuales y las lesbianas. [Notable points about mental and physical health in homosexuals and lesbians]. En J. Toro-Alfonso & A. Martínez-Taboas (Eds.), Lesbianas, gays, bisexuales y transgéneros: Apuntes sobre su salud desde la psicología (pp. 1-12). Hato Rey, PR: Publicaciones Puertorriqueñas.

Velázquez-Laboy, L., Rodríguez-Gómez, J. R., Sayers-Montalvo, S., & Martínez-Taboas, A. (2010). Construcción y validación de un instrumento para evaluar las actitudes hacia la sexualidad en una muestra de tres nominaciones de orientación judeo-cristiana en Puerto Rico. [Construction and validation of an instrument to evaluate the actitudes toward sexuality in a simple of three denominations of judeo-christian faith]. En J. R. Rodríguez-Gómez (Ed.), Hacia una psicología puertorriqueña de la religión (pp. 74-96). Hato Rey, PR: Publicaciones Puertorriqueñas.


Artículos

Estudio Comparativo de la Autoestima y la Estatura Alta en Atletas Puertorriqueños/as de Alto Rendimiento

Martínez, D., Caro, W., & Pérez-Pedrogo, C. (2010). Estudio Comparativo de la Autoestima y la Estatura Alta en Atletas Puertorriqueños/as de Alto Rendimiento. Ciencias de la Conducta, 25(1), 103-114.

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Abstract:

The objectives of this study were to compare the self-esteem of Puerto Rican athletes with high performance, taking in consideration their stature and gender. The sample consisted of 40 participants (21 males and 19 females). All the participants completed informed consent, demographic data sheet and the Tennessee Self-Concept Scale (Fitts, 1965). Descriptive analysis, nonparametric Spearman’s Rho correlation analysis and analysis of independent samples t test were conducted. The results showed no significant differences between height and self-esteem of the high performance athletes. Similar results were observed when self-esteem was compared to gender, even though males showed higher scores in the self-esteem scale. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]

Prevalencia de Trastornos de la Conducta Alimentaria en una Muestra de Atletas Universitarios.

Silva-Romero, L.J., Cordoliani-Alvarado, N., Martínez-Ortíz, D., Camacho-Santiago, M. (2010). Prevalencia de Trastornos de la Conducta Alimentaria en una Muestra de Atletas Universitarios. Ciencias de la Conducta, 25(1), 139-174.

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Abstract:

The term Eating Disorder Behavior (EDB) is an expression which involves a complex and multiple clinical entities, such as physical, cultural and psychological. The EDB has been increasing in various population sectors, as well in athletes. This exploratory study pursued to know the prevalence of harmful behaviors EDB in university athletes. The participants were 137 university athletes. The athletes were 52.6% (n=72), females and 47.4% (n=65) males, between 18 to 25 years old. The sample is not random and was selected by availableness. The sample showed 15.3% (n=21) prevalence of anorexia nervosa (AN) and 5.8 (n=8) of bulimia nervosa (BN). In comparison with the 2006 University of Puerto Rico study there is an increment of EDB prevalence. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]

Repercusiones Psicológicas a largo plazo del abuso sexual en la niñez: Un Estudio Piloto en Puerto Rico.

Lugo-Morales, Y., Rodríguez, J.R., & Martínez D. (2013). Repercusiones Psicológicas a largo plazo del abuso sexual en la niñez: Un Estudio Piloto en Puerto Rico. En Centro Agenda para la Calidad de Vida, Universidad Interamericana, Perfil de la Violencia en Puerto Rico: 1984-2004 (pp. 33-36), Recinto Metro, San Juan, PR.

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Abstract:

El abuso sexual es una forma de maltrato que deja una huella imborrable en las víctimas que sufren una experiencia de esta índole. La persona sobreviviente de abuso sexual sufre, en muchas ocasiones, consecuencias psicológicas adversas que impactan de forma negativa su vida (Magalhaes, 1998). Este tipo de abuso tiene repercusiones negativas de acuerdo a la etapa de desarrollo en la que se encuentra la persona que lo experimenta. El presente estudio pretende conocer aquellas variables clínicas que caracterizan a adultos sobrevivientes de abuso sexual que buscan ayuda psicológica o psiquiátrica. El propósito del mismo es identificar estas variables de forma tal que el profesional de la salud mental pueda estar preparado para trabajar con dicha sintomatología. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]

Libros y Capítulos de Libros


Artículos

Validity of the sluggish cognitive tempo, inattention, and hyperactivity symptom dimensions neuropsychological and psychosocial correlates.

Bauermeister, J.J., Barkley, R.A. & Bauermeister, J.A., Martínez, J.V., & McBurnett, K. (2012). Validity of the sluggish cognitive tempo, inattention, and hyperactivity symptom dimensions neuropsychological and psychosocial correlates. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 40(5), 683-697.doi 10.1007/s10802-011-9602-7.

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Abstract:

This study examined the latent structure and validity of inattention, hyperactivity-impulsivity, and sluggish cognitive tempo (SCT) symptomatology. We evaluated mother and teacher ratings of ADHD and SCT symptoms in 140 Puerto Rican children (55.7% males), ages 6 to 11 years, via factor and regression analyses. A three-factor model (inattention, hyperactivity-impulsivity, and SCT) provided the best fit for both sets of ratings. Inattention was the strongest correlate of lower scores on neuropsychological, achievement, and psychosocial measures. Externalizing problems were most strongly associated with hyperactivity-impulsivity, and internalizing problems were most strongly associated with parent-rated SCT and teacher-rated Inattention. SCT was not associated with executive function but was negatively associated with math. Inattention accounted for a disproportionate amount of ADHD-related impairment, which may explain the restricted discriminant validity of DSM-IV types. The distinct factors of hyperactivity-impulsivity and SCT had unique associations with impairing comorbidities and are roughly equivalent in predicting external correlates of ADHD-related impairment. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]

Parent perceived impact of Spaniard boys’ and girls’ inattention, hyperactivity and oppositional defiant behaviors on family life.

Bauermeister, J.J., Puente, A., Martínez, J.V., Cumba, E., Scándar, R.O., & Bauermeister, J.A. (2010). Parent perceived impact of Spaniard boys’ and girls’ inattention, hyperactivity and oppositional defiant behaviors on family life. Journal of Attention Disorders, 14 (3), 247-255. doi: 10.1177/1087054709347180.

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Abstract:


OBJECTIVE: This study examined the impact of inattention, hyperactivity, and oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) behaviors and gender on family life.
METHOD: We created scales for the Family Experiences Inventory (FEI) in a nonclinical sample of Spaniard families with children ages 6 to 12 years (N = 369) and analyzed the perceived impact of these three behavior dimensions on family experiences.
RESULTS: Multiple regression analyses indicated that ODD behaviors were uniquely correlated with Total FEI and its dimensions. Inattention was also uniquely related to higher negative Impact on School Relations and lower Positive Impact on Parents scales. Finally, gender-hyperactivity interactions indicated that boys with higher hyperactivity scores were more likely to score higher on the FEI Total, School Relations, and Siblings scales, and more likely to score lower on the Positive Impact on Parents scale than girls.
CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggested that parents perceive greater child-related impact and place greater burden from having a male child with hyperactivity. Inattention, hyperactivity, and oppositional defiant behaviors are associated with global parent-child interactive stress but the pattern of associations will vary depending upon the behavior, child gender, and context of family life examined. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]

Gender differences in Hispanic children evaluated with the TEMAS and BASC tests.

Cardalda, E.B., Costantino, G., Martínez, J.V., Alcalá, A., Talavera, J., Hernández, S., Dávila, M., & Gomila, R. (2012). Gender differences in Hispanic children evaluated with the TEMAS and BASC tests. Revista Puertorriqueña de Psicología, 23, 31-56.

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Abstract:

The purpose of this study was to examine gender differences in adaptive vs. maladaptive social problem skills as assessed by the TEMAS (Tell-Me-A-Story) personality/narrative test. Samples included Hispanic girls and boys between the ages of 9-11, attending public schools in Puerto Rico or in New York. Results on the TEMAS were compared to another personality test, the Behavior Assessment System for Children - Self Report of Personality (BASC-SRP). Comparisons used one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) in order to determine significant gender differences between the sites of PR and NY. For students sampled in Puerto Rico results showed significant gender differences in the TEMAS scale of Achievement Motivation, Reality Testing and Verbal Fluency. However, no significant gender differences were found in the New York sample. With the BASC gender differences were found in the clinical scale of Anxiety in the Puerto Rican sample, while no significant differences were found in the New York sample. Girls in PR showed a relative strength in several skills, whereas no such gender differences were noted in NY. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]

The relationship of language dominance, cultural identity and educational criteria to achievement motivation, anxiety, and self-concept in Hispanic students.

Cardalda, E.B., Costantino, G., Torres, G., Martínez, J.V., & Lozada, A. (2009). The relationship of language dominance, cultural identity and educational criteria to achievement motivation, anxiety, and self-concept in Hispanic students. Science and Behavior, 24(1), 77-96.

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Abstract:


Libros y Capítulos de Libros


Artículos

Experiencias de las Personas que Viven con VIH/SIDA en el Ambiente Laboral en Puerto Rico.

Burgos, O.A., Martínez-Lugo, M.E. & Pérez, J.A. (2009). Experiencias de las Personas que Viven con VIH/SIDA en el Ambiente Laboral en Puerto Rico. Revista Interamericana de Psicología Ocupacional, 28(1), 31-44.

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Abstract:

The purpose of this study was to create a precedent in demonstrating general aspects of the experiences of the people who live with HIV/AIDS in the laboral atmosphere in Puerto Rico. This is an exploratory descriptive study where 58 individual with seropositive results participa¬ted with the purpose of knowing their experiences in their labour life. The instrument utilized for the data collection was the HIV/AIDS and Work Questionnaire of Burgos, Martínez and Pérez. The results of this study demonstrate a high fear from the sample to reveal their sero¬positive condition to avoid a situation of stigma or prejudice in their workplaces. Although there was no significant evidence that they have experimented prejudice, the fear to have this experience limited them to keep private their diagnostic and not to ask for services that could help them to confront the effects of the condition. As part of the data collected in this study, there is information related to the self-perception of the health situation of the sample, preju¬dice, reasons that the sample have to continue working, evidence of the changes that they have had to make in their careers or work tasks, their meaning of work, their life interests, and the strategies and organizational policies in their workplaces. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]

Comparación por género de los estilos de liderazgo en una muestra de gerenciales en Puerto Rico.

Camps-Del Valle, V., Pérez-Santiago, J.A. & Martínez-Lugo, M.E. (2010). Comparación por género de los estilos de liderazgo en una muestra de gerenciales en Puerto Rico. Revista Puertorriqueña de Psicología, 21, 113-132.

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Abstract:

Leadership styles of managers from two different types of organizations of the economic sectors in Puerto Rico were investigated, taking into consideration gender as a variable. The total sample of two hundred (200) managers was from the service sector (100) and from the manufacturing (100) economic sector. In terms of gender, 88 of the participants were women (44%) and 112 were men (56%). When compared transformational, transactional, directive, participative, considerate, orientated to goal and laissez faire leadership styles, women showed a greater average in the use of the directive leadership style, in comparison to men. When gender was considered in relation to leadership behavior, women were observed to be more task-oriented than men. No significant gender differences were found in motivation toward leadership. These results are discussed in terms of their impact upon the theme of organizational leadership. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]

Los Comportamientos de Acoso Psicológico en Puerto Rico: Comparación por Género, Tipo de Contrato y Tipo de Organización.

Martínez-Lugo, M. (2011). Los Comportamientos de Acoso Psicológico en Puerto Rico: Comparación por Género, Tipo de Contrato y Tipo de Organización. Revista Interamericana de Psicología Ocupacional, 30(2), 129-139.

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Abstract:

Mobbing behaviors were study in a sample of 1132 employees in Puerto Rico using the EAPET (Martinez et al, 2002). Results were analyzed by gender, type of contract, and type of organiza¬tion. Higher percentages of mobbing victims were found between women, full time employees, and employees in the public sector. Significant differences were found between employees in the public and private sector. The most frequent mobbing behaviors found in the sample of research participants were constantly assigning new tasks and interrupting employee when communicating with others. Data is analyzed using mobbing behavior categories presented by Leymann (1996) and Hirigoyen (2001). [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]

Manifestaciones de la violencia de pareja en centros de trabajos puertorriqueños

Martínez-Lugo, M.E. (2010). Manifestaciones de la violencia de pareja en centros de trabajos puertorriqueños. Psicología y Salud, 20(2), 231-238.

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Abstract:

This study investigates the ways in which intimate partner violence occurs in the workplaces, according to two-hundred managers and supervisors at Puerto Rico, being the more frequent tactics the unexpected visits at work and harassing the victim by phone calls. The participants indicate that victims’ behavior was characterized by unjustified absences and lack of concentration, and agreed that intimate partner violence is an important organizational issue. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]

Civilidad, Incivilidad y el Bienestar Asociado al Trabajo en un Grupo de Personas Empleadas en Puerto Rico.

Martínez, M. E., Morales, O., Rodríguez, O., Rosa, W. & Sánchez, S. (2009). Civilidad, Incivilidad y el Bienestar Asociado al Trabajo en un Grupo de Personas Empleadas en Puerto Rico. Revista Interamericana de Psicología Ocupacional, 28(1), 45-55.

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Abstract:

The purpose of this study was to establish the relationship between civility, incivility and the job related well-being in a group of 390 employees in Puerto Rico. Results showed positive correlations between civility and job related positive emotions and between incivility and job related negative emotions. When compared by gender, women obtained higher scores in civil¬ity and men in incivility. The group of supervisors scored higher in civility. No significant differences were obtained between public and private organizations. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]

Respuestas a la Insatisfacción Laboral y el Efecto Moderador del Contrato Psicológico, el Locus de Control, la Vinculación Psicológica con el Trabajo y otras Variables Situacionales.

Pamias, K.J., Martínez-Lugo, M.E., & Pérez-Santiago, J.A. (2009). Respuestas a la Insatisfacción Laboral y el Efecto Moderador del Contrato Psicológico, el Locus de Control, la Vinculación Psicológica con el Trabajo y otras Variables Situacionales. Revista Interamericana de Psicología Ocupacional, 28(1), 16-30.

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Abstract:

The present study tried to predict employee’s responses to job dissatisfaction using a modifica¬tion of the exit, voice, loyalty and neglect model; where the loyalty behaviors are conceptua¬lized as silence behaviors. The sample consisted of 200 employees selected by convenience. Result suggests that employees will exhibit exit behaviors when they feel dissatisfied, poses job alternatives and have made a low investment in their job and will exhibit neglect behaviors when they feel dissatisfied, disengaged, and perceive a large violation to their psychological contract. Voice behaviors are presented as the way in which the satisfied, engaged and opti¬mistic employees deal with job dissatisfaction in a constructive way. On the contrary, silence reflects to be the opposite of voice; being used by employees with low optimism and little confidence on the effectiveness of their actions. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]

Propiedades Psicométricas de la Escala De Comportamientos de Ciudadanía Organizacional de Compañeros de Trabajo (ECCOCT) en un Grupo de Empleados(as) en Puerto Rico.

Rodríguez-Montalbán, R., Sánchez-Cardona, I., & Martínez-Lugo, M. (2013). Propiedades Psicométricas de la Escala De Comportamientos de Ciudadanía Organizacional de Compañeros de Trabajo (ECCOCT) en un Grupo de Empleados(as) en Puerto Rico. Revista Puertorriqueña de Psicología, 25(1), 30-49.

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Abstract:

Existing measures of organizational citizenship behaviors (OCB) attempt to measure this construct using self-report measures, which induce measurement limitations such as social desirability. One way to overcome this limitation is through the evaluation of OCB by coworkers. The objectives of this study are to develop and to analyze the psychometric properties of the Co-workers Organizational Citizenship Behaviors Scale (COCBS) in a group of employees in Puerto Rico. The sample consisted of 347 employees of various industrial sectors. We analyze the psychometric properties of the COCBS with confirmatory factor analysis using structural equation modeling and reliability analysis. The results indicate that the scale fits better to a multidimensional model of five factors. We conclude that the COCBS has adequate psychometric properties for its use in the Puerto Rican organizational context. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]

Libros y Capítulos de Libros



Artículos

El TDAH en Preescolares: Validez, diagnóstico, prevención y tratamiento.

Bauermeister, J.J. & Matos, M. (2011). El TDAH en Preescolares: Validez, diagnóstico, prevención y tratamiento. Revista Apuntes de Psicología, 29(2), 205-225.

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Abstract:

The scientific literature supports the construct validity and clinical utility of attention- deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in preschoolers. These children exhibit high rates of comorbid psychopathology and significant levels of cognitive, pre-academic and social difficulties. They are also at high risk for presenting this disorder and a range of difficulties over time that could affect adaptive functioning in multiple areas and settings. Parent training programs have demonstrated a high level of effectiveness. Pharmacotherapy can be effective but the treatment effect size is not as high as that found in older children and its side effects are greater. It is important to eliminate or reduce non-genetic risk factors that may contribute to the development of ADHD. Behavioral and cognitive training programs, as well as activities and games aimed at developing executive functions, could be effective for prevention and treatment of this condition and its associated difficulties. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]

Parent-Child Interaction Therapy for Puerto Rican Preschool Children with ADHD and Behavior Problems: A Pilot Efficacy Study

Matos, M., Bauermeister, J. J., & Bernal, G. (2009). Parent-Child Interaction Therapy for Puerto Rican Preschool Children with ADHD and Behavior Problems: A Pilot Efficacy Study (Report). Family Process, (2), 232. doi:10.1111/j.1545-5300.2009.01279.x

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Abstract:

This study evaluates the initial efficacy of the Parent-Child Interaction Therapy (PCIT) for Puerto Rican preschool children aged 4-6 years with a diagnosis of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), combined or predominantly hyperactive type, and significant behavior problems. Thirty-two families were randomly assigned to PCIT (n=20) or a 3.5-month waiting-list condition (WL; n=12). Participants from both groups completed pretreatment and posttreatment assessments. Outcome measures included child's ADHD symptoms and behavior problems, parent or family functioning, and parents' satisfaction with treatment. ANCOVAs with pretreatment measures entered as covariates were significant for all posttreatment outcomes, except mother's depression, and in the expected direction (p<.01). Mothers reported a highly significant reduction in pretreatment hyperactivity and inattention and less aggressive and oppositional-defiant behaviors, conduct problems assessed as problematic, parenting stress associated with their child's behavior, and an increase in the use of adequate parenting practices. For the WL group, there were no clinically significant changes in any measure. Treatment gains obtained after treatment were maintained at a 3.5-month follow-up assessment. PCIT seems to be an efficacious intervention for Puerto Rican families who have young children with significant behavior problems. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]

Libros y Capítulos de Libros



Artículos

EIWA-III measures of cognitive function in young Puerto Rico patients with epilepsy.

Narváez-Pérez, K., Fernández-Crespo, L., Miranda, T., & Boulón-Díaz, F. (2012). Cognitive Performance in EIWA-III of Puerto Ricans with Epilepsy aged 16 to 20 years. Journal of Medical Association of Puerto Rico, 105.

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Abstract:

Evaluation and measurement of intelligence contributes significantly to the scientific endeavor of psychology as a science. This study was exploratory and descriptive, with twenty young Puerto Ricans with epilepsy, ages 16-20 years. Compared with the execution of a matched group of the normative sample and the group of adults 21 to 64 years with epilepsy, belonging to the standardization sample in Puerto Rico. The data were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistical calculations. Survey results reflect significant differences in the scores of the subtests that make up the intelligence scale EIWA-III. In all measures, the group of participants with epilepsy rate was lower than the reference group. The comparison of scores on the subtests that measure executive functions was analyzed by the working memory index (WMI). Based on the data obtained, the performance in executive functions EIWA-III is significantly lower in participants with epilepsy, compared with the reference groups. Analysis of variance/ANOVA showed no significant differences between IQ scale for implementation (F = 8.77) with a probability of .001, CI scale (F = 4.35) was 0.01 and verbal scale IQ (F = 2.67) was 0.05 for the group of young Puerto Ricans from 16 to 20 years with epilepsy, their IQ score compared with the normative group on the subscales that comprise the Verbal Scale, Performance and Total rates of IQ trial EIWA-III. In light of these results, the statistically significant differences for each subscale: Verbal IQ, Performance, Total and indexes EIWA-III, suggest that the level of intelligence of sample group, 16 to 20 years old with epilepsy, was below average in comparison with the normative group. The results are consistent with the literature on cognitive neuropsychology and performance of persons or subjects with epileptic diseases. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]

Libros y Capítulos de Libros



Artículos

Adolescentes gays y lesbianas en Puerto Rico: Procesos, efectos y estrategias.

Jiménez, M., Borrero, N., & Nazario, J. A. (2011). Adolescentes gays y lesbianas en Puerto Rico: Procesos, efectos y estrategias. (Spanish). Puerto Rican Journal Of Psychology / Revista Puertorriqueña De Psicología, 22(2), 147-173.

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Abstract:

This article focuses on the "coming out process" among gay and lesbian (GL) adolescents in Puerto Rico and how it may impact their psychological development. Some GL adolescents demonstrate resiliency and are able to "come out" without negative consequences or experiences, while others experience pain, anxiety, and stress when revealing their sexual orientation to others. Factors such as family relations, peer groups, school, spirituality, and religion impact this process in diverse ways. Moreover, the "coming out" stages are explained and various therapeutic interventions are presented. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]

Actitudes hacia Gays y Lesbianas en psicoterapia de estudiantes graduados/as de psicología y psicólogos/as clínicos/as con licencia.

Vázquez-Rivera, M., Nazario-Serrano, J., & Sayers-Montalvo, S. (2012). Actitudes hacia Gays y Lesbianas en psicoterapia de estudiantes graduados/as de psicología y psicólogos/as clínicos/as con licencia. (Spanish). Revista Interamericana De Psicología, 46(3), 435-446.

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Abstract:

Historically, psychotherapy has been a mechanism of oppression for the gay and lesbian (GL) community. Psychologist's emotions and behaviors have played a key role in the therapeutic process (Jones, 2000). Our study explored the attitudes of 220 graduate clinical psychology students and 47 licensed clinical psychologists towards the GL community in psychotherapy. Three percent of students and 0% of the psychologists had negative attitudes according to the Attitudes Towards GL in Psychotherapy Scale. Four percent of students and 0% of psychologists felt anxiety in the interventions with GL. Six percent of students and 5% of psychologists preferred not to incur in psychotherapy with this population. Thirteen percent of students and 6% of psychologists negatively evaluated their competencies with GL. Also, this study found associations between religion, number of gay and lesbian clients, formal education, and the samples' attitudes towards the GL population. Finally, clinical and educational implications are discussed. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]

La Deseabilidad Social en Estudiantes Graduados/as de Psicología Clínica y Psicólogos/as Clínicos/as con Licencia.

Vázquez-Rivera, M., Nazario-Serrano, J., & Sayers-Montalvo, S. K. (2012). La Deseabilidad Social en Estudiantes Graduados/as de Psicología Clínica y Psicólogos/as Clínicos/as con Licencia. (Spanish). Puerto Rican Journal Of Psychology / Revista Puertorriqueña De Psicología, 23(1), 94-106.

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Abstract:

The Crowne-Marlowe Social Desirability Scale (MCSDS) (1960) is the scale most commonly used for this purpose in research (Beretvas, Meyers & Leite, 2005). The scale measures "social desirability (SD) in terms of the need for subjects to respond in culturally sanctioned ways" and "the need for social approval" (Crowne & Marlowe, 1960). Literature is inconclusive towards the use of this scale. This study aimed to explore how the scale behaved when administered to a sample of clinical psychology graduate students and licensed clinical psychologists. Questionnaires were administered by availability to 220 clinical psychology graduate students and 47 licensed clinical psychologists. Twenty four percent (n=50) of the total sample presented low SD, 61% (n=151) mild SD, and 15% (n=48) high SD. Student t tests and ANOVAS where performed to determine which factors where associated with SD. The results of this study suggest that in future research the results from this scale should be interpreted in a cautelous manner. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]

Visión espiritual y religiosa de hombres gay y mujeres lesbianas en Puerto Rico: Un estudio exploratorio.

Hernández, Y., Malavé, S., & Nazario, J. (2010). Visión espiritual y religiosa de hombres gay y mujeres lesbianas en Puerto Rico: Un estudio exploratorio. En Rodriguez, J. (Eds.), Hacia una psicología puertorriqueña de la religión: Investigaciones Preliminares, 181-210.

Libros y Capítulos de Libros

Pedrosa, O., Nazario, J., & Suarez, J. (2013). Using Proyective tests with hispanics. In L. Benuto (Ed), Guide to psychological assessment with hispanics. New York: Springer Publishing co.



Artículos

Effectiveness of a cognitive behavioral intervention for Puerto Rican children

Cabiya, J., Padilla, L., González-Cruz, K., Sánchez-Cestero, J., Martínez-Taboas, A., & Sayers, S. (2008). Effectiveness of a cognitive behavioral intervention for Puerto Rican children. Revista Interamericana de Psicología, 42 (2), 195-202.

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Abstract:

This study evaluated the effectiveness of a cognitive-behavioral intervention for children with disruptive disorders and depressed mood. Four hundred thirty four boys and 174 girls, ages 8 to 13, attending public schools, were initially evaluated to determine the diagnosis of a disruptive disorder. Of those diagnosed with disruptive disorders, 278 were assigned to the two experimental groups. The Child Depression Inventory was administered to the children and the Bauermeister School Behavior Inventory was administered to the teachers at three different stages. At post-treatment, significant reductions were found in the treatment group vs. the control group in depressed mood and disruptive behaviors. Children in the treatment group showed further reductions at the follow-up in both areas. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]

Psicometría de la Escala de Actitud de la Población Femenina Puertorriqueña hacia la Subrogacía (EAHS) [Psychometric properties of the Female Attitude towards Surrogacy Scale].

Sardiñas, L., Padilla, L., Cabiya, J., & Sayers, S. (2009). Psicometría de la Escala de Actitud de la Población Femenina Puertorriqueña hacia la Subrogacía (EAHS) [Psychometric properties of the Female Attitude towards Surrogacy Scale]. Interamerican Journal of Psychology, 43(2), 222-229.

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Abstract:

The present work shows the results of the psychometric properties study of the Female Attitudes towards Surrogacy Scale. The definition of the term is discussed, as well as the implications of the procedure, both for the surrogate mother and for the intended parents. The progress that surrogacy has had in Puerto Rico and the need for future investigations is presented. The procedure consisted of presenting an educational document on the topic to a sample of Puerto Rican females, 21 years of age or older, selected by availability and administering an attitude questionnaire on surrogacy. The results of this investigation will serve as the foundation to develop public policies, in addition to a surrogacy education program for the general public. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]

Eventos traumáticos en estudiantes de medicina y psicología clínica en Puerto Rico.

Torres-Valentín, M.L., Martínez-Taboas, A., Sayers-Montalvo, S., & Padilla, L. (2013). Eventos traumáticos en estudiantes de medicina y psicología clínica en Puerto Rico. Revista Interamericana de Psicología, 47(1), 101-110.

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Abstract:

Exposure to trauma is a poorly researched topic in Puerto Rico. Three hundred seventy students enrolled in doctoral programs in clinical psychology and medicine in private institutions of higher education in Puerto Rico completed the Traumatic Life Events Questionnaire (TLEQ), Spanish version. The sample reported a high level of trauma exposure (98.9%). Men reported a higher level of exposure than women, although the level was high within both groups. There is no association between the sociodemographic variables and exposure to trauma, except marital status. The most reported events are natural disasters, sudden death and threat to life or physical integrity of loved ones. Exposure to trauma is a common occurrence in the studied sample. There is a constant need for continued empirical research about this topic to evaluate the magnitude of this problem and provide a solid empirical background for psychological services. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]

Libros y Capítulos de Libros

Bernal, G., Bonilla, J., Padilla, L., & Pérez-Prado, E.M. (2008). Factores asociados a la efectividad de la psicoterpia: un estudio exploratorio. En. I. Serrano, M. Figueroa & D. Pérez (Eds.). Dos décadas de desarrollo de la psicología social-comunitaria: de Puerto Rico al mundo. (pp 433-447) San Juan: Publicaciones Puertorriqueñas.


Artículos

Alexitimia en una Muestra de Residentes de Puerto Rico: Asociación con otros Síntomas, la Depresión y la Ansiedad.

Bon-Abreu, C., Suárez-Kindy, J. L. & Pedrosa-Roche, O. (2014). Alexitimia en una Muestra de Residentes de Puerto Rico: Asociación con otros Síntomas, la Depresión y la Ansiedad. Scientific International Journal 11(1), 26-35.

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Abstract:

The present study aimed to assess whether there was any correlation between the results of the Toronto Alexithymia Scale (TAS-20), the Symptom Checklist-90 (SCL-90), the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) and the Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI) in a sample of residents of Puerto Rico. Data obtained from an Assessment of Personality course graduate level was used. For the study, the reports of 59 persons who completed the TAS-20, the SCL-90, the BDI and the BAI were reviewed. Also, socio-demographic data was included, specifically gender and age. In performing the descriptive and correlation analysis, it was observed that alexithymia was reported on average higher in women than in men. Similarly, the results indicated that females reported more characteristics of anxiety, depression and somatization than men. This established that the concept of alexithymia was observed in Puerto Rico with a predominance of the difficulty to distinguish between feelings and somatic sensations. Therefore, when working therapeutically with a female patient with symptoms of depression and anxiety, it should be considered if alexithymia is present. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]

Childhood Sexual Abuse, Eating disorders and Dissociation: A Study in Puerto Rico.

Mercado, R., Martínez, A., & Pedrosa, O., (2008). Childhood Sexual Abuse, Eating disorders and Dissociation: A Study in Puerto Rico. Journal of Psychological Trauma, 7 (4), 298-309. doi: 10.1080/19322880.

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Abstract:

Previous investigations have documented strong associations between eating disorders, dissociation, and childhood sexual abuse (CSA). In this study we examined such a relationship with female Hispanic psychiatric inpatients. Twenty-eight patients with a history of CSA and 28 patients without CSA completed various instruments, among them a survey of eating styles, the Dissociative Experiences Scale, a brief scale of abusive experiences, and a clinical diagnostic interview. One main finding was that patients with CSA reported a significantly greater amount of behavioral, cognitive, and biological symptoms of dysfunctional eating styles. In addition, dissociation was significantly correlated with the severity of CSA and with dysfunctional eating styles. Our findings consistently corroborates that female patients with a history of CSA tend to experience a wide plethora of dysfunctional eating behaviors. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]

Efectividad de las Psicoterapias para el Trastorno de Personalidad Límite y su Sintomatología Asociada.

Pérez-Nieves, M., Suárez-Kindy, J.L., Pedrosa-Roche, O., Martínez-Taboas, A. (2014). Efectividad de las Psicoterapias para el Trastorno de Personalidad Límite y su Sintomatología Asociada. Scientific International Journal 11(1), 106-113.

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Abstract:

Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is the most researched personality diagnosis, and the one with the most concerns to clinicians. This disorder is characterized by multiple clinical criteria and the severity of the symptoms. Years ago it was thought that the prognosis for the disorder was very low, and that there was no no effective therapy to work with this disorder, as well as, a variety of therapies that have proven to be effective. These therapies include Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT), Transference-Focused Psychotherapy (TFP), Mentalization-Based Therapy (MBT), ad Schema Focus Therapy (SFT). This study focused on studying the different therapies with their approaches and exploring areas in which each therapy would be effective. The hypothesis established that Dialectical Behavior Therapy would be more effective for denoting changes in measurable symptoms on the SCL-90; the Transference Focused Therapy for social functioning measures and courage; and Mentalization-Based Therapy would be more effective in terms of time of hospitalization. This study found that although each of the therapies were effective in the areas specified in the hypothesis, when evaluated the same areas of the disorder and compared them to a traditional therapy, these were both effective in the reduction on symptoms. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]

Libros y Capítulos de Libros

Díaz, V., Pedrosa, O., & Suárez, J. (2008). Consideraciones sobre el uso de la prueba Rorschach en Puerto Rico. En Rodríguez, J. (Ed), Antologías de Investigaciones de los Programas Académicos de la Universidad Carlos Albizu. Publicaciones Puertorriqueñas: San Juan, P.R.

Pedrosa, O., Nazario, J., & Suarez, J. (2013). Using Proyective tests with hispanics. In L. Benuto (Ed), Guide to psychological assessment with hispanics. New York: Springer Publishing co.


Artículos

Experiencias de las Personas que Viven con VIH/SIDA en el Ambiente Laboral en Puerto Rico.

Burgos, O.A., Martínez-Lugo, M.E. & Pérez, J.A. (2009). Experiencias de las Personas que Viven con VIH/SIDA en el Ambiente Laboral en Puerto Rico. Revista Interamericana de Psicología Ocupacional, 28(1), 31-44.

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Abstract:

The purpose of this study was to create a precedent in demonstrating general aspects of the experiences of the people who live with HIV/AIDS in the laboral atmosphere in Puerto Rico. This is an exploratory descriptive study where 58 individual with seropositive results participa¬ted with the purpose of knowing their experiences in their labour life. The instrument utilized for the data collection was the HIV/AIDS and Work Questionnaire of Burgos, Martínez and Pérez. The results of this study demonstrate a high fear from the sample to reveal their sero¬positive condition to avoid a situation of stigma or prejudice in their workplaces. Although there was no significant evidence that they have experimented prejudice, the fear to have this experience limited them to keep private their diagnostic and not to ask for services that could help them to confront the effects of the condition. As part of the data collected in this study, there is information related to the self-perception of the health situation of the sample, preju¬dice, reasons that the sample have to continue working, evidence of the changes that they have had to make in their careers or work tasks, their meaning of work, their life interests, and the strategies and organizational policies in their workplaces. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]

Comparación por género de los estilos de liderazgo en una muestra de gerenciales en Puerto Rico.

Camps-Del Valle, V., Pérez-Santiago, J.A., & Martínez-Lugo, M.E. (2010). Comparación por género de los estilos de liderazgo en una muestra de gerenciales en Puerto Rico. Revista Puertorriqueña de Psicología, 21, 113-132.

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Abstract:

Leadership styles of managers from two different types of organizations of the economic sectors in Puerto Rico were investigated, taking into consideration gender as a variable. The total sample of two hundred (200) managers was from the service sector (100) and from the manufacturing (100) economic sector. In terms of gender, 88 of the participants were women (44%) and 112 were men (56%). When compared transformational, transactional, directive, participative, considerate, orientated to goal and laissez faire leadership styles, women showed a greater average in the use of the directive leadership style, in comparison to men. When gender was considered in relation to leadership behavior, women were observed to be more task-oriented than men. No significant gender differences were found in motivation toward leadership. These results are discussed in terms of their impact upon the theme of organizational leadership. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]

Respuestas a la Insatisfacción Laboral y el Efecto Moderador del Contrato Psicológico, el Locus de Control, la Vinculación Psicológica con el Trabajo y otras Variables Situacionales.

Pamias, K.J., Martínez-Lugo, M.E. & Pérez-Santiago, J.A. (2009). Respuestas a la Insatisfacción Laboral y el Efecto Moderador del Contrato Psicológico, el Locus de Control, la Vinculación Psicológica con el Trabajo y otras Variables Situacionales. Revista Interamericana de Psicología Ocupacional, 28(1), 16-30.

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Abstract:

The present study tried to predict employee’s responses to job dissatisfaction using a modifica¬tion of the exit, voice, loyalty and neglect model; where the loyalty behaviors are conceptua¬lized as silence behaviors. The sample consisted of 200 employees selected by convenience. Result suggests that employees will exhibit exit behaviors when they feel dissatisfied, poses job alternatives and have made a low investment in their job and will exhibit neglect behaviors when they feel dissatisfied, disengaged, and perceive a large violation to their psychological contract. Voice behaviors are presented as the way in which the satisfied, engaged and opti¬mistic employees deal with job dissatisfaction in a constructive way. On the contrary, silence reflects to be the opposite of voice; being used by employees with low optimism and little confidence on the effectiveness of their actions. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]

Tendencias en las Prácticas de Adiestramiento en las Organizaciones: La Experiencia de una Muestra de Empleados/as en Puerto Rico.

Pérez-Santiago, J.A. (2010). Tendencias en las Prácticas de Adiestramiento en las Organizaciones: La Experiencia de una Muestra de Empleados/as en Puerto Rico. Ciencias de la Conducta, 25(1), 23-50.

Abstract:

The purpose of this study was to identify the organizational training practices prevailing in a simple of employees. A total of 405 employees participated in this study, working in a total of 167 organizations. Each participant answered a questionnaire designed by the investigator, where they provided information related to its experiences in training activities during the last year. The results show a high number of answers that indicate a partial alignment of the training plans with the operational objectives of the work units. Also, a high proportion of the participants indicated that in their organizations they do not carry out training needs analysis. The traditional training in the corporate classroom was the most mentioned training design in which the employees participated. These results are discussed in relation with the Instructional System Design model assumptions and their impact in the organizational efficiency metrics and operations. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]

Libros y Capítulos de Libros


Artículos

Misguided Organizational Change Initiatives And How It Promotes A Destructive Work Environment.

Rivero, O. (July, 2013). Misguided Organizational Change Initiatives And How It Promotes A Destructive Work Environment. International Journal of Management & Information Systems Volume 17, Number 3.

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Abstract:

The purpose of this paper is to review recent trends as they relate toorganizational change and how these trends have affected the overall workenvironment. Over the years, UnitedStates corporations have successfully done well financially. However, due to downsizing initiatives andthe outsourcing of products and services to other countries in order to staycompetitive, United States firms have been forced to do more, but with lessresources. Bullying in the workplace hasbeen around for several years; however, employees are being pushed to do morefor less with unrealistic work expectations. Workforce bullying has become an epidemic of mass portions, which hasled to dysfunctional organizations and inappropriate behavior among employers/employees. At the end, recommendations will be made to promotepositive work environments while contributing to organizational changeinitiatives. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]

Marketing in Greece: The Reasons of its Underdevelopment

Rivero, O. & Theodore, J. (July, 2013). – Marketing in Greece: The Reasons of its Underdevelopment. International Business & Economics Research Journal. Volume 12, Number 7.

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Abstract:

The purpose of this article is to demonstrate that marketing in Greece is underdeveloped because the nation does not have an adequate number of private corporations due to insufficient industrialization. Advanced marketing practices are the result of the corporate form of business. Industrialization in Greece was followed by a rapid shift to post-Fordism in the late 1980s which had a tremendous impact upon the lack of opportunity for merging small organizations into larger ones needed for the creation of the corporate form of business and the formation of new and larger organizations in the corporate form. The corporate form of business is large, provides in abundance, the factors of production, and has highly developed functional units—production, marketing, finance, and human resources. Clearly, the majority of Greek business organizations are small, thus disallowing for formation of an infrastructure that leads to the development of marketing through the effective and efficient use of all the factors of production. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]

Libros y Capítulos de Libros


Artículos

Factor Structure and Reliability of the Spanish Version of the Marital Satisfaction Questionnaire for Older Persons.

Castro-Díaz, B. L., Rodríguez-Gómez, J., & Vélez-Pastrana, M. C. (2012). Factor Structure and Reliability of the Spanish Version of the Marital Satisfaction Questionnaire for Older Persons. Journal Of Couple & Relationship Therapy, 11(4), 310-321. DOI:10.1080/15332691.2012.718970.

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Abstract:

The Marital Satisfaction Questionnaire for Older Persons (MSQFOP) measures marital satisfaction in a manner relevant to older adults. This study examined the psychometric properties of the Spanish-language version with 81 Latino/Hispanic Spanish-speaking couples aged 55 to 93 residing in Puerto Rico. Results revealed a robust structure, confirming the composition of the original scale version. Three components summarized the scale items: Compatibility/Affective Quality, Communication, and Sex/Health. This factor structure was essentially consistent with that reported by questionnaire authors for the original English-language version. Internal consistency coefficients (Cronbach's alpha) for the full scale and subscales ranged from .96 to .83. This corroborates the construct validity and the reliability of the MSQFOP, suggesting it is an adequate measure of marital satisfaction for use with Spanish-speaking older adults. Clinical and research uses of the MSQFOP are discussed. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]

Energy Drinks and Health: A brief Review of Their effects and Consequences.

González, M.J., Miranda, J., Rodríguez, J.R., Ricart, C., & Rodríguez, D. (2012) Energy Drinks and Health: A brief Review of Their effects and Consequences. Ciencias de la Conducta, 27, (1), 1-28.

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Abstract:

Energy drinks have been promoted as a healthy beverage within many subpopulations, as for instance, athletes and college students. The chemical Composition of energy drinks can produce multiple adverse effects, including serious behavioral ones. This article presents and discusses, in a brief form, some serious health complications of energy drinks on their human consumers. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]

Obesity prevalence odds ratios in four Puerto Rican Towns: A Pilot study

Laureano, A., Rodríguez, J. R., Rodríguez-Benítez, R. J., Centeno, J., & Rodríguez, J. (2009). Obesity prevalence odds ratios in four Puerto Rican Towns: A Pilot study. Boletín de la Asociación Médica de PR, 101(2), 12-15.

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Abstract:


PURPOSE:Obesity is a major public health problem associated with major mortality causes. It is the second leading cause of preventable diseases in the Caribbean island of Puerto Rico (PR). The purpose of the study is to estimate the Obesity Prevalence Odds Ratios in Four Puerto Rican Towns. Obesity prevalence in PR has been estimated by the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) in 2005 (23%) for both sexes. The obesity estimation of the BRFSS was used in order to relate it with our sample and compare results.
METHOD:This is a descriptive-observational cross sectional study, based on a sample of 801 subjects selected from four major Puerto Rican municipalities (Loiza, Rio Grande, Luquillo and Canovanas). A valid questionnaire with main questions to obtain health/nutrition and sociodemographic information were administered. An obesity prevalence odds ratio (OPOR) was calculated.
RESULTS:The obesity prevalence of the whole sample under study was higher (mean prevalence rate 42%) than the reported prevalence rate in the 2005 BRFSS. Canóvanas have the highest obesity prevalence (49%) followed by Loiza (41 %), Rio Grande (39 %) and Luquillo (37 %). Luquillo and Canovanas are the areas with higher possibility for obesity taking into consideration waist circumference as a risk factor for obesity (OPOR= 1.49 and 1.36, respectively; 95% CI).
CONCLUSIONS:The sample under study has a higher OPOR as related to the BRFSS. These individuals may have a higher risk for chronic diseases associate to obesity. Future studies needs to address lifestyle prevention modifications and socioeconomic disparities in addition to evaluate intervention(s) that modify environmental factors in order to prevent obesity. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]

Repercusiones Psicológicas a largo plazo del abuso sexual en la niñez: Un Estudio Piloto en Puerto Rico

Lugo-Morales, Y., Rodríguez, J.R., & Martínez D. (2013). Repercusiones Psicológicas a largo plazo del abuso sexual en la niñez: Un Estudio Piloto en Puerto Rico. En Centro Agenda para la Calidad de Vida, Universidad Interamericana, Perfil de la Violencia en Puerto Rico: 1984-2004 (pp. 33-36), Recinto Metro, San Juan, PR.

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Abstract:

El abuso sexual es una forma de maltrato que deja una huella imborrable en las víctimas que sufren una experiencia de esta índole. La persona sobreviviente de abuso sexual sufre, en muchas ocasiones, consecuencias psicológicas adversas que impactan de forma negativa su vida (Magalhaes, 1998). Este tipo de abuso tiene repercusiones negativas de acuerdo a la etapa de desarrollo en la que se encuentra la persona que lo experimenta. El presente estudio pretende conocer aquellas variables clínicas que caracterizan a adultos sobrevivientes de abuso sexual que buscan ayuda psicológica o psiquiátrica. El propósito del mismo es identificar estas variables de forma tal que el profesional de la salud mental pueda estar preparado para trabajar con dicha sintomatología. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]

Escala de Ansiedad Social en Adolescentes (E-ASA): Un Estudio Piloto.

Ríos, Y. & Rodríguez-Gómez, J. R. (2010). Escala de Ansiedad Social en Adolescentes (E-ASA): Un Estudio Piloto. Ciencias de la Conducta, 25(1), 81-102.

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Abstract:

The purpose of this study was to créate a screening scale to identify social anxiety symptoms in children and adolescents, known as E-ASA. Anxiety is a high prevalent mental disorder. Within the anxiety disorders, social anxiety is a serious one that may affects children and adolescents severely, been one of the most common diagnoses for this population (Tarshis, Jutte & Huffamn, 2006). The sample until study consisted consisted of 66 subjects between 11 to 16 years old in Puerto Rico (mean age=12.68). The final version included 46 items in Likert format. Th escales demonstrated excellent internal consistency (Cronbach Alpha 0.93). Mean anxiety symptomatology in our sample was 68.67 with an SD = 22.47. We recommend continuing performing research in order to standardize the E-ASA in Puerto Rico. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]

Demencia tipo Alzheimer en una muestra de ancianos puertorriqueños: Estudio piloto sobre la utilidad y evaluación de una batería de cernimiento.

Rodríguez, J.R., González, M., Díaz, O. & Felici, M. (2012). Demencia tipo Alzheimer en una muestra de ancianos puertorriqueños: Estudio piloto sobre la utilidad y evaluación de una batería de cernimiento. Boletín de la Asociación Médica de Puerto Rico, 104, (2), 54-62.

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Abstract:

Unfortunately, at this point Puerto Rico, have neuro-psychopathology instruments limitations to perform valid and sensitive screening of Alzheimer Dementia (AD). This study was directed to evaluate a battery of neuropsychological screening instruments for Puerto Rican elderly (60 to 100 years, n = 50) with Alzheimer's dementia. In addition, calculate the sensitivity and specificity of the instruments. The tests were composed as screening battery and included CERAD (Instruments created by the Consortium to Establish a Registry for Alzheimer's Disease), MMSE (Mini mental Status Evaluation), EIWA-III (specifically the digit retention and similarities subtest that try to evaluated memory, concentration and abstract thinking) and the Tuokkos’ test (clock drawing in order to evaluated visual-constructional skills). As show by ROC Curve (Receiver Operating Characteristic Curve) for our research, the sensitivity for CERAD was 95.7% with an specificity of 49%; MMSE (Mini Mental Status Evaluation) account for 89 sensitivity and 60% specificity; EIWA-III and subtest (specifically the digit retention and similarities subtest) respectively was 80.4% sensitivity and 44.7% specificity; and sensitivity of 82.6% and specificity of 44.7%. Tuokkos’ Clock Test accounted for 76.1% sensitivity, and 23.4% specificity. Reported indexes were within acceptable limits as literature described. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]

Validación de una escala de actitudes hacia la sexualidad en una muestra de ancianos puertorriqueños.

Rodríguez-Benítez, R.J., Rodríguez, J., & Sayers, S. (2010). Validación de una escala de actitudes hacia la sexualidad en una muestra de ancianos puertorriqueños. Boletín. Asociación. Médica de PR, 102, 15-23.

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Abstract:

The literature indicates that elderly population is at high risk that affects their sexual activity; however, this is not the end of sexuality expression in this population. Elderly (people 65 years and older) who are healthy and active has more opportunities of sexual expression and activity in all forms, (including masturbation, and oral sex), and these activities can continue until 74 years or older. This study tries to explore if the Scale of Attitudes towards Sexuality Behavior in the Elderly develop in Puerto Rico, is a valid and reliable instrument to measure attitudes towards the sexuality in an elderly sample. In addition, the research tries to contribute to the progress and development of instruments that measure, and screen, sexuality aspects and risk behaviors that focus in the elderly population. This may help to promote future studies and the development of preventive programs that help to fulfill specific necessities in elderly. The research subjects consist of a secondary database sample of 265 adults of 65 years or older. The design of this study was an ex post facto type. The collected data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and factorial analyses to establish an association between the study variables (i.e., attitudes towards the sexuality and sexuality) using SPSS-X program version 14; also was concluded that the instrument is a valid and reliable (Alpha Cronbach= 0.95), which is considered adequate. It’s expected that the scale will be valuable for future research in this area. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]

Military suicide

Rodríguez, J. R., Quiñones, R., & Alvarado, A. (2009). Military suicide. Boletín Asociación Médica de PR, 101(3), 33-41.

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Abstract:

Soldier suicide rates, unfortunately, continue to rise in our military services. It is well known that military personnel are highly vulnerable to multiple psychopathologies due to a lack of social support system, traumatizing life events and deprived sense of control. Serious psychopathologies such as post-traumatic stress disorders, other anxiety disorders (i.e., generalized anxiety disorder) and depression may increase the risk of suicide. In addition, malingering may be a serious problem that can affect valid treatment due to an intentional production of false or grossly exaggerated physical or psychological symptoms, motivated by external incentive such as avoiding military duty or obtaining financial compensation. Moreover, Hispanic soldiers may be at a higher risk for such psychopathologies due to extreme marginalization conditions by military peers, lack of bilingual language management and discrimination that can severely affect their quality of life. Thus, it is important to recognize those problems in order to prevent them. Literature demonstrate that Primary Preventive Interventions (PPI) can help to reduce the incidence of psychiatric disorders due to an early identification of the mental conditions associate to serious outcome, such as suicide. Taking the previous factors into consideration, the relevant literature pertaining suicidality in service members and the mental disorders associated with it is reviewed. Furthermore, emphasis is made in the importance to develop and validate a battery of screening instruments that address the previous conditions in the military personnel, especially in the Hispanic/Latino soldier and/or veteran as future plans of interventions. This implies the creation, adaptation and administration of a Psychological Battery that will be culturally sensitive for Hispanic/Latino soldiers in which the screening of the previously mentioned pathologies and conditions can be identified. This may help to prevent serious psychological situations and extreme irreversible damage, such as suicide. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]

Creación y Comienzo de Validación de una Escala para Evaluar la Calidad de Vida en Pacientes con Diferentes Tipos de Cáncer: Un Estudio Piloto en Puerto Rico.

Rodríguez-Gómez, J. (2014). Creación y Comienzo de Validación de una Escala para Evaluar la Calidad de Vida en Pacientes con Diferentes Tipos de Cáncer: Un Estudio Piloto en Puerto Rico. Scientific International Journal 11(1), 54-58.

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Abstract:

The Purpose of his pioneer study was to create and to validate a scale for evaluating the quality of life in patients with different types of cancer in Puerto Rico. To this end, the scale entitled “Scale to Assess Quality of Life and Attitudes in Patients with Cancer: Puerto Rican Version” (ECVCA-PR) was created. The scale consists of two parts: a part which assesses attitudes by means of direct questions to patients. The initial emphasis in this work was the evaluation of the quantitative part of the scale. The research had the permission of the Institutional Ethics Committee of the Dr. Isaac González Martínez Oncology Hospital in San Juan, Puerto Rico. The sample consisted of 32 patients (9 men, 23 women) between the ages of 30 to 83 years that were treated at Dr. Isaac González Martínez Oncology Hospital. The psychometric properties of the instrument indicated a reliability index (alpha Cronbach) of 0.927, leaving the scale with 164 items at the final version of the quantitative part. The index is an excellent one according to Kline (2000). [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]

Prevalencia de suicidio en la población gerontológica de Puerto Rico, periodo de 1980-2006

Rodríguez-Gómez, J. (2010). Prevalencia de suicidio en la población gerontológica de Puerto Rico, periodo de 1980-2006. Psicologia Y Salud, (1), 89.

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Abstract:

El presente estudio tiene caracter retrospectivo epidemiologico y presenta las tasas de prevalencia de suicidios ocurridos en la isla de Puerto Rico en el periodo de 1980 a 2006. El estudio da continuidad a los esfuerzos pioneros realizados en investigaciones anteriores para conocer como el fenomeno de suicidio se ha comportado en la poblacion anciana de Puerto Rico. Al efecto, se compararon las tasas de suicidio entre los ancianos de 65 anos en adelante y de 64 anos o menos. Se calculo el indice de productos cruzados en el periodo y se computo el promedio de dicho indice. Se hallaron diferencias significativas en la prevalencia de suicidio entre la población anciana. Se concluye que la población de ancianos ha tenido en promedio el doble de riesgo de suicidio que la población puertorriqueña más joven. Palabras clave: Suicidio; Ancianos; Puerto Rico; Epidemiología. This retrospective epidemiology study presents the suicide prevalence rates in Puerto Rico during the period 1980 to 2006. The study gives continuity to the pioneer research efforts made by previous investigations done in the island to identify how the suicide phenomenon has behaved in the elderly population. Suicides comparisons rates between two groups (65 years and older and 64 years and younger) were done. The odds ratio index and the average in the period were calculated. Results show significant differences in the suicide prevalence among such population. It is concluded that the elderly population has had in average a double suicide risk than younger Puerto Rican population. Key words: Suicide; Elderly; Puerto Rico; Epidemiology. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]

Los Ancianos Puertorriqueños y el Sistema Judicial: Aspectos Cognitivos y Emocionales a Considerar ante su Testimonio Jurídico.

Rodríguez-Gómez, J. (2011). Los Ancianos Puertorriqueños y el Sistema Judicial: Aspectos Cognitivos y Emocionales a Considerar ante su Testimonio Jurídico. Ciencias de la Conducta, 26(1), 131-152.

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Abstract:

The elderly population is a growing strata that is increasing worldwide and Puerto Rico is not the exception. The testimony in court is an activity that can lead to serious stress and anxiety, thus, older persons must be prepared to carry out this action. Also, it is important to consider psychological and sociological factors that may affect the reliability and validity of the testimony of elderly persons in court. This article tries to provide some understanding of the multiple elements that must be considered when an elderly person testifies in court, such as memory, attention, physical and psychological pathologies and social elements that may influence in either positive or negative ways. Also, we offer recommendations for the court appearance in order that the testimony of elderly persons will be less stressful in order to obtain the greatest benefits of the testimony to enforce justice. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]

Características psico-sociales de una muestra inicial de centenarios puertorriqueños.

Rodríguez, J. R., Martínez-Taboas, A., & Cruz, A. (2009). Características psico-sociales de una muestra inicial de centenarios puertorriqueños. Boletín Asociación Médica de PR, 101(2), 5-11.

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Abstract:

This is the first research done in Puerto Rico presenting a basic socio-demographic profile of a sample of Puerto Rican centenary elderly that also includes psychological characteristics. The sample consist of eleven subjects, divided in five women and six men (mean age sample =102.4 years) evaluated with a battery of psychological instrument that include the Symptom Checklist 90-R (SCL-90-R); the Beck Depressive Inventory (BDI-II); the Beck Suicide Scale (BSS); the Beck Hopelessness Scale (BHS); the Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI) and the Folstein Mini-Mental. Main findings demonstrate that, with the exception of anxiety and hopelessness symptomatology, this particular sample is with a good psychological health. It is recommended to continue this type of research with a bigger sample and include other psychological and psychiatric screening instruments. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]

Psychometric properties of the Spanish-Language Child Depression Inventory with Hispanic children who are secondary victims of domestic violence.

Soto-Molina, C., Rodríguez, J. R., & Vélez, M. (2009). Psychometric properties of the Spanish-Language Child Depression Inventory with Hispanic children who are secondary victims of domestic violence. Family Therapy, 36(1), 1-16.

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Abstract:

The Child Depression Inventory (CDI), a self-report instrument that measures depressive symptomatology in children, has been shown to have adequate construct validity (Kovacs, 1983, 1992), However, limited research has been conducted with minority children and adolescents. In the present study, the construct validity of the Spanish-language version of the Child Depression Inventory (CDI-S) ages 8-12 years (N = 100). The CDI was developed by Maria Kovacs (1992) and has been a widely used instrument for screening depression in children. Fifty of the children had witnessed domestic violence (secondary victims of domestic violence) and received psychological services for victims of domestic violence, and fifty had not witnessed domestic violence. To identify the group of non-victims of domestic violence, their mothers completed the Conflict Tactic Scale (CIS). The CDI is a self-report instrument used to measure symptoms of depression, A confirmatory factor analysis was performed including the 27 items that make up the instrument, using principal component analysis as the extraction method and Varimax rotations. This analysis revealed that the CDI measures five dimensions of depression in the child. However, differences were found in the factor structure of the Spanish CDI when compared with the original version. Additionally, its internal consistency was documented. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]

Libros y Capítulos de Libros

Rodríguez, J. R. (2011) Aportes Universitarios: Antología de Ensayos Interdisciplinarios de las Ciencias Sociales Aplus Editorial: Hato Rey, Puerto Rico.

Rodríguez, J.R. (2010) (Ed.) Hacia una Psicología Puertorriqueña de la Religión: Investigaciones Preliminares. Editorial A Plus, Hato Rey, Puerto Rico.

Velázquez-Laboy, L., Rodríguez-Gómez, J. R., Sayers-Montalvo, S., & Martínez-Taboas, A. (2010). Construcción y validación de un instrumento para evaluar las actitudes hacia la sexualidad en una muestra de tres nominaciones de orientación judeo-cristiana en Puerto Rico. [Construction and validation of an instrument to evaluate the actitudes toward sexuality in a simple of three denominations of judeo-christian faith]. En J. R. Rodríguez-Gómez (Ed.), Hacia una psicología puertorriqueña de la religión (pp. 74-96). Hato Rey, PR: Publicaciones Puertorriqueñas.

Vélez, I., García, A., & Rodríguez, J.R. (2008). El Suicidio en pacientes diagnósticados con VIH/SIDA en Puerto Rico. In J. Rodríguez (Ed.), Antología de Investigaciones de los Programas Académicos de la UCA (pp.403-433). San Juan: Publicaciones Puertorriqueñas.


Artículos

A comparison of Hispanic and African-American sexually abused girls and their families.

Shaw, J. A., Lewis, J. E., Loeb, A., Rosado, J., & Rodríguez, R. A. (2001). A comparison of Hispanic and African-American sexually abused girls and their families. Child Abuse & Neglect, 25, 1363-1379.

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Abstract:

Objective:To study the differential effects of sexual abuse on Hispanic (HN) and African-American (AA) girls.
Method:Sexually abused girls and their caretakers (N = 159), of which 52% (n = 82) were AA (mean age 9.8 years, SD = 3.4, R = 6–17) and 48% (n = 77) were HN (mean age 10.1 years, SD = 3.8, R = 6–18), were included in the study. The mother/caretaker was administered a demographic form, the Achenbach’s Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL), and the Family Assessment Measure (FAM-P). The child completed the FAM-C and the Trauma Symptom Checklist for Children (TSCC). The clinician completed the Parental Reaction to Incest Disclosure Scale (PRIDS).
Results:HN girls were found to have a greater number of sexually abusive episodes and waited longer to disclose their abuse while AA girls were more likely to have experienced vaginal penetration. The perpetrators of HN girls were older and more likely to be fathers or stepfathers. The mothers/caretakers of HN girls perceived their children as having significantly more aggressive behavior, anxiety/depression, somatic complaints, internalizing and externalizing behaviors, and had a higher total score on the CBCL than did AA girls. The HN girls were more likely to see their family as dysfunctional with confusion regarding family values and rules. HN mothers/caretakers perceived their families as more conflicted regarding adaptability and family controls.
Conclusions:HN girls experienced more emotional and behavioral problems, and both HN girls and their mothers/caretakers perceived their families as more disturbed and dysfunctional. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]

A study of quetiapine: Efficacy and tolerability in psychotic adolescents.

Shaw, J. A., Lewis, J. E., Pascal, S., Sharma, R. K, Rodríguez, R. A., Guillen, R., & Pupo-Guillen, M. (2001). A study of quetiapine: Efficacy and tolerability in psychotic adolescents. Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology, 11(4), 415-424.

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Abstract:

OBJECTIVE:To study the effectiveness, safety, and tolerability of quetiapine in adolescents with psychotic disorders.
METHODS:This study was an 8-week, open trial using quetiapine with 15 adolescents, ages 13-17 years, mean age 15.1 years, with a diagnosis of a psychotic disorder. Our primary instruments focused on psychotic symptomatology as measured by the Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale (BPRS), Clinical Global Impression (CGI), Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS), and the Young Mania Rating Scale (YMRS). Other measures included adverse events, clinical laboratory tests, vital signs, electrocardiogram (ECG), extrapyramidal (EPS) measures, and ophthalmologic examination.
RESULTS:Quetiapine significantly reduced psychotic symptoms as measured by the BPRS, PANSS, YMRS, CGI, and CGI Severity of Illness scale. The average weight gain was 4.1 kg. After correction for expected weight gain, the mean weight gain over the 8-week period was 3.4 kg. Prolactin and cholesterol remained unchanged. Trends were found for a decrease in T4 and an increase in thyroid-stimulating hormone. Common adverse effects were somnolence, agitation, drowsiness, and headache. No significant findings were noted on repeat ECGs, EPS measures, or ophthalmic examination. The final average treatment dose was 467 mg/day (range 300-800 mg/day).
CONCLUSIONS:Quetiapine is suggested to be effective treatment of youths with psychotic disorders and to have a favorable side-effect profile. [Abstract from Author]

Child on child sexual abuse: Psychological perspectives.

Shaw, J.A., Lewis, J.E., Loeb, A., Rosado, J., & Rodríguez, R.A. (2000). Child on child sexual abuse: Psychological perspectives. Child Abuse & Neglect, 24(12), 1591-1600.

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Abstract:

OBJECTIVE:This study describes the emotional and behavioral responses of children who have been sexually victimized by juveniles (CC) 17 years of age and younger compared to child victims of adults (CA) 18 years of age and older.
METHOD:A total sample of N = 194 children and adolescents participated in the study, with 26% (n = 51) comprising CC and 74% (n = 143) encompassing CA. The mother/caretaker was administered a demographic form, Achenbach's Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL), and the Family Assessment Measure (FAM-P). The child was given the Family Assessment Measure (FAM-C) and the Trauma Symptom Checklist for Children (TSCC). The clinician completed the Parental Reaction to Incest Disclosure Scale (PRIDS).
RESULTS:No differences were found between the two groups for the type of sexual abuse, penetration, or the use of force. CC were younger and more likely to be males who were abused in a school setting, home, or a relative's home by a sibling or a non-related male. CC endorsed clinically significant sexual preoccupations and manifested borderline clinically significant symptomatology.
CONCLUSIONS:Children victimized by other children manifested elevated levels of emotional and behavioral problems and were not significantly different from those who had been sexually abused by adults. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]

Libros y Capítulos de Libros


Artículos

Alexitimia en una Muestra de Residentes de Puerto Rico: Asociación con otros Síntomas, la Depresión y la Ansiedad.

Bon-Abreu, C., Suárez-Kindy, J. L., & Pedrosa-Roche, O. (2014). Alexitimia en una Muestra de Residentes de Puerto Rico: Asociación con otros Síntomas, la Depresión y la Ansiedad. Scientific International Journal 11(1), 26-35.

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Abstract:

The present study aimed to assess whether there was any correlation between the results of the Toronto Alexithymia Scale (TAS-20), the Symptom Checklist-90 (SCL-90), the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) and the Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI) in a sample of residents of Puerto Rico. Data obtained from an Assessment of Personality course graduate level was used. For the study, the reports of 59 persons who completed the TAS-20, the SCL-90, the BDI and the BAI were reviewed. Also, socio-demographic data was included, specifically gender and age. In performing the descriptive and correlation analysis, it was observed that alexithymia was reported on average higher in women than in men. Similarly, the results indicated that females reported more characteristics of anxiety, depression and somatization than men. This established that the concept of alexithymia was observed in Puerto Rico with a predominance of the difficulty to distinguish between feelings and somatic sensations. Therefore, when working therapeutically with a female patient with symptoms of depression and anxiety, it should be considered if alexithymia is present. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]

Efectividad de las Psicoterapias para el Trastorno de Personalidad Límite y su Sintomatología Asociada.

Pérez-Nieves, M., Suárez-Kindy, J.L., Pedrosa-Roche, O., Martínez-Taboas, A. (2014). Efectividad de las Psicoterapias para el Trastorno de Personalidad Límite y su Sintomatología Asociada. Scientific International Journal 11(1), 106-113.

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Abstract:

Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is the most researched personality diagnosis, and the one with the most concerns to clinicians. This disorder is characterized by multiple clinical criteria and the severity of the symptoms. Years ago it was thought that the prognosis for the disorder was very low, and that there was no no effective therapy to work with this disorder, as well as, a variety of therapies that have proven to be effective. These therapies include Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT), Transference-Focused Psychotherapy (TFP), Mentalization-Based Therapy (MBT), ad Schema Focus Therapy (SFT). This study focused on studying the different therapies with their approaches and exploring areas in which each therapy would be effective. The hypothesis established that Dialectical Behavior Therapy would be more effective for denoting changes in measurable symptoms on the SCL-90; the Transference Focused Therapy for social functioning measures and courage; and Mentalization-Based Therapy would be more effective in terms of time of hospitalization. This study found that although each of the therapies were effective in the areas specified in the hypothesis, when evaluated the same areas of the disorder and compared them to a traditional therapy, these were both effective in the reduction on symptoms. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]

Libros y Capítulos de Libros

Díaz, V., Pedrosa, O., & Suárez, J. (2008). Consideraciones sobre el uso de la prueba Rorschach en Puerto Rico. In Rodríguez, J. (Ed), Antologías de Investigaciones de los Programas Académicos de la Universidad Carlos Albizu. Publicaciones Puertorriqueñas: San Juan, P.R.

González, M., & Suárez, J. (2011). Manual de Politicas y Protocolos de prevención e intervención de acoso escolar. Manual created for school directors to help them in the creation of policies and protocols for the prevention, intervention and follow-up in bullying cases.

Suárez, J., & González, M. (2013). “Bullying”: Detección e Intervención. In J. Seda (Ed.), La Convención sobre los Derechos del Niño y su aplicación en el ámbito educativo (pp.69-75). Argentina: Homo Sapiens Ediciones.


Artículos

Psychometric properties of the Cambridge Depersonalization Scale in Puerto Rico.

Aponte, M., Vélez-Pastrana, M., & Martínez-Taboas, A. (manuscript under revision - 2013). Psychometric properties of the Cambridge Depersonalization Scale in Puerto Rico. Journal of Trauma and Dissociation.

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Abstract:

Depersonalization experiences have been studied in the United States and Europe, but there is a dearth of inr -vestigations with Latino populations. In the current study we examined the psychometric properties of the Spanish version of the Cambridge Depersonalization Scale in 300 adult individuals from the community and compared the results with those reported previously with non-Latino clinical populations. Discrepant findings have been reported with respect to the factor structure of the CDS. We performed exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis on the CDS items and compare our results with published analysis in other populations. Results revealed that the psychometric properties of the CDS, such as reliability, seem adequate, although the factor structure of the CDS seems to be inconsistent across studies. We selected a four-factor solution, which was most parsimonious and best fit our data. Furthermore, we obtained a moderate, statistically significant relationship (r = 0.64, p =.001) between the CDS and the Dissociative Experiences Scale (DES). Our results, utilizing a non-clinical sample of Puerto Rican adults, suggest that depersonalization experiences can be reliably measured in a Latino and Spanish speaking population. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]

Factor Structure and Reliability of the Spanish Version of the Marital Satisfaction Questionnaire for Older Persons.

Castro-Díaz, B. L., Rodríguez-Gómez, J., & Vélez-Pastrana, M. C. (2012). Factor Structure and Reliability of the Spanish Version of the Marital Satisfaction Questionnaire for Older Persons. Journal Of Couple & Relationship Therapy, 11(4), 310-321. DOI:10.1080/15332691.2012.718970.

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Abstract:

The Marital Satisfaction Questionnaire for Older Persons (MSQFOP) measures marital satisfaction in a manner relevant to older adults. This study examined the psychometric properties of the Spanish-language version with 81 Latino/Hispanic Spanish-speaking couples aged 55 to 93 residing in Puerto Rico. Results revealed a robust structure, confirming the composition of the original scale version. Three components summarized the scale items: Compatibility/Affective Quality, Communication, and Sex/Health. This factor structure was essentially consistent with that reported by questionnaire authors for the original English-language version. Internal consistency coefficients (Cronbach's alpha) for the full scale and subscales ranged from .96 to .83. This corroborates the construct validity and the reliability of the MSQFOP, suggesting it is an adequate measure of marital satisfaction for use with Spanish-speaking older adults. Clinical and research uses of the MSQFOP are discussed. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]

Psychometric properties of the Spanish-Language Child Depression Inventory with Hispanic children who are secondary victims of domestic violence.

Soto-Molina, C., Rodríguez, J. R., & Vélez, M. (2009). Psychometric properties of the Spanish-Language Child Depression Inventory with Hispanic children who are secondary victims of domestic violence. Family Therapy, 36(1), 1-16.

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Abstract:

The Child Depression Inventory (CDI), a self-report instrument that measures depressive symptomatology in children, has been shown to have adequate construct validity (Kovacs, 1983, 1992), However, limited research has been conducted with minority children and adolescents. In the present study, the construct validity of the Spanish-language version of the Child Depression Inventory (CDI-S) ages 8-12 years (N = 100). The CDI was developed by Maria Kovacs (1992) and has been a widely used instrument for screening depression in children. Fifty of the children had witnessed domestic violence (secondary victims of domestic violence) and received psychological services for victims of domestic violence, and fifty had not witnessed domestic violence. To identify the group of non-victims of domestic violence, their mothers completed the Conflict Tactic Scale (CIS). The CDI is a self-report instrument used to measure symptoms of depression, A confirmatory factor analysis was performed including the 27 items that make up the instrument, using principal component analysis as the extraction method and Varimax rotations. This analysis revealed that the CDI measures five dimensions of depression in the child. However, differences were found in the factor structure of the Spanish CDI when compared with the original version. Additionally, its internal consistency was documented. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]

Libros y Capítulos de Libros